A comprehensive review of tropical milky white mushroom (Calocybe indica P&C)

Krishnamoorthy Akkanna Subbiah, Venkatesh Balan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

A compressive description of tropical milky white mushroom (Calocybe indica P&C var. APK2) is provided in this review. This mushroom variety was first identified in the eastern Indian state of West Bengal and can be cultivated on a wide variety of substrates, at a high temperature range (30~38°C). However, no commercial cultivation was made until 1998. Krishnamoorthy 1997 rediscovered the fungus from Tamil Nadu, India and standardized the commercial production techniques for the first time in the world. This edible mushroom has a long shelf life (5~7 days) compared to other commercially available counterparts. A comprehensive and critical review on physiological and nutritional requirements viz., pH, temperature, carbon to nitrogen ratio, best carbon source, best nitrogen source, growth period, growth promoters for mycelia biomass production; substrate preparation; spawn inoculation; different supplementation and casing requirements to increase the yield of mushrooms has been outlined. Innovative and inexpensive methods developed to commercially cultivate milky white mushrooms on different lignocellulosic biomass is also described in this review. The composition profiles of milky white mushroom, its mineral contents and non-enzymatic antioxidants are provided in comparison with button mushroom (Agaricus bisporus) and oyster mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus). Antioxidant assay results using methanol extract of milky white mushroom has been provided along with the information about the compounds that are responsible for flavor profile both in fresh and dry mushrooms. Milky white mushroom extracts are known to have anti-hyperglycemic effect and anti-lipid peroxidation effect. The advantage of growing at elevated temperature creates newer avenues to explore milky white mushroom cultivation economically around the world, especially, in humid tropical and sub-tropical zones. Because of its incomparable productivity and shelf life to any other cultivated mushrooms in the world, milky white mushroom could play an important role in satisfying the growing market demands for edible mushrooms in the near future.

LanguageEnglish (US)
Pages184-194
Number of pages11
JournalMycobiology
Volume43
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2015

Profile

Calocybe
Agaricales
mushrooms
Pleurotus
India
Biomass
Temperature
shelf life
Nitrogen
Carbon
Antioxidants
Agaricus
antioxidants
mushroom growing
Nutritional Requirements
Pleurotus ostreatus
glycemic effect
temperature
Agaricus bisporus

Keywords

  • Antioxidants
  • Flavor compounds
  • Medicinal value
  • Milky white mushrooms
  • Mineral composition
  • Neutraceuticals

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Plant Science
  • Microbiology
  • Infectious Diseases

Cite this

A comprehensive review of tropical milky white mushroom (Calocybe indica P&C). / Subbiah, Krishnamoorthy Akkanna; Balan, Venkatesh.

In: Mycobiology, Vol. 43, No. 3, 2015, p. 184-194.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Subbiah, Krishnamoorthy Akkanna ; Balan, Venkatesh. / A comprehensive review of tropical milky white mushroom (Calocybe indica P&C). In: Mycobiology. 2015 ; Vol. 43, No. 3. pp. 184-194
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