A control-oriented model of turbulent jet ignition combustion in a rapid compression machine

Ruitao Song, Gerald Gentz, Guoming Zhu, Elisa Toulson, Harald Schock

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Abstract

Turbulent jet ignition combustion is a promising concept for achieving high thermal efficiency and low NOx (nitrogen oxides) emissions. A control-oriented turbulent jet ignition combustion model with satisfactory accuracy and low computational effort is usually a necessity for optimizing the turbulent jet ignition combustion system and developing the associated model-based turbulent jet ignition control strategies. This article presents a control-oriented turbulent jet ignition combustion model developed for a rapid compression machine configured for turbulent jet ignition combustion. A one-zone gas exchange model is developed to simulate the gas exchange process in both pre- and main-combustion chambers. The combustion process is modeled by a two-zone combustion model, where the ratio of the burned and unburned gases flowing between the two combustion chambers is variable. To simulate the influence of the turbulent jets on the rate of combustion in the main-combustion chamber, a new parameter-varying Wiebe function is proposed and used for the mass fraction burned calculation in the main-combustion chamber. The developed model is calibrated using the least-squares fitting and optimization procedures. Experimental data sets with different air-to-fuel ratios in both combustion chambers and different pre-combustion chamber orifice areas are used to calibrate and validate the model. The simulation results show good agreement with the experimental data for all the experimental data sets. This indicates that the developed combustion model is accurate for developing and validating turbulent jet ignition combustion control strategies. Future work will extend the rapid compression machine combustion model to engine applications.

LanguageEnglish (US)
Pages1315-1325
Number of pages11
JournalProceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part D: Journal of Automobile Engineering
Volume231
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2017

Profile

Ignition
Combustion chambers
Gases
Nitrogen oxides
Orifices
Ion exchange
Engines
Air
Hot Temperature

Keywords

  • Rapid compression machine
  • turbulent jet ignition
  • two-zone combustion model

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

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abstract = "Turbulent jet ignition combustion is a promising concept for achieving high thermal efficiency and low NOx (nitrogen oxides) emissions. A control-oriented turbulent jet ignition combustion model with satisfactory accuracy and low computational effort is usually a necessity for optimizing the turbulent jet ignition combustion system and developing the associated model-based turbulent jet ignition control strategies. This article presents a control-oriented turbulent jet ignition combustion model developed for a rapid compression machine configured for turbulent jet ignition combustion. A one-zone gas exchange model is developed to simulate the gas exchange process in both pre- and main-combustion chambers. The combustion process is modeled by a two-zone combustion model, where the ratio of the burned and unburned gases flowing between the two combustion chambers is variable. To simulate the influence of the turbulent jets on the rate of combustion in the main-combustion chamber, a new parameter-varying Wiebe function is proposed and used for the mass fraction burned calculation in the main-combustion chamber. The developed model is calibrated using the least-squares fitting and optimization procedures. Experimental data sets with different air-to-fuel ratios in both combustion chambers and different pre-combustion chamber orifice areas are used to calibrate and validate the model. The simulation results show good agreement with the experimental data for all the experimental data sets. This indicates that the developed combustion model is accurate for developing and validating turbulent jet ignition combustion control strategies. Future work will extend the rapid compression machine combustion model to engine applications.",
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AB - Turbulent jet ignition combustion is a promising concept for achieving high thermal efficiency and low NOx (nitrogen oxides) emissions. A control-oriented turbulent jet ignition combustion model with satisfactory accuracy and low computational effort is usually a necessity for optimizing the turbulent jet ignition combustion system and developing the associated model-based turbulent jet ignition control strategies. This article presents a control-oriented turbulent jet ignition combustion model developed for a rapid compression machine configured for turbulent jet ignition combustion. A one-zone gas exchange model is developed to simulate the gas exchange process in both pre- and main-combustion chambers. The combustion process is modeled by a two-zone combustion model, where the ratio of the burned and unburned gases flowing between the two combustion chambers is variable. To simulate the influence of the turbulent jets on the rate of combustion in the main-combustion chamber, a new parameter-varying Wiebe function is proposed and used for the mass fraction burned calculation in the main-combustion chamber. The developed model is calibrated using the least-squares fitting and optimization procedures. Experimental data sets with different air-to-fuel ratios in both combustion chambers and different pre-combustion chamber orifice areas are used to calibrate and validate the model. The simulation results show good agreement with the experimental data for all the experimental data sets. This indicates that the developed combustion model is accurate for developing and validating turbulent jet ignition combustion control strategies. Future work will extend the rapid compression machine combustion model to engine applications.

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