A dispersion model for predicting the extent of starch liquefaction by Bacillus licheniformis α-amylase during reactive extrusion

V. Komolprasert, R. Y. Ofoli

    Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

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    Abstract

    A Baker-Perkins corotating twin screw extruder was used as a bioreactor to hydrolyze pregelantinized corn starch by thermophilic Bacillus licheniformis α-amylase. The extruder was modeled as a tube, and characterized as a closed system. This characterization is not in the thermodynamic sense; rather, it relates to the profile of a tracer fluid upon entry to and exit from the reaction zone. The reaction kinetics were modeled by a modified first-order equation, which allowed the dispersion equation to be solved analytically with the Danckwerts boundary condition. Data from several extrusion runs were super-imposed to obtain a profile to evaluate the model. The dispersion number, determined from the first and second moments of the RTD curve, was primarily a function of the length of the reaction zone. There was good agreement between predictions and experimental data, especially at low dispersion numbers. In general, the axial dispersion model appears to be suitable for analysis of enzymatic reactions of up to 30% conversion. At a fixed flow rate and constant temperature, the extent of starch conversion depends significantly on moisture content, residence time and enzyme dosage, but not on screw speed.

    LanguageEnglish (US)
    Pages681-690
    Number of pages10
    JournalBiotechnology and Bioengineering
    Volume37
    Issue number7
    StatePublished - 1991

    Profile

    Amylases
    Bacilli
    Liquefaction
    Starch
    Extrusion
    Bacillus licheniformis alpha-amylase
    Extruders
    Bioreactors
    Thermodynamics
    Zea mays
    Temperature
    Enzymes
    Reaction kinetics
    Moisture
    Flow rate
    Boundary conditions
    Fluids

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Biotechnology
    • Microbiology

    Cite this

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    abstract = "A Baker-Perkins corotating twin screw extruder was used as a bioreactor to hydrolyze pregelantinized corn starch by thermophilic Bacillus licheniformis α-amylase. The extruder was modeled as a tube, and characterized as a closed system. This characterization is not in the thermodynamic sense; rather, it relates to the profile of a tracer fluid upon entry to and exit from the reaction zone. The reaction kinetics were modeled by a modified first-order equation, which allowed the dispersion equation to be solved analytically with the Danckwerts boundary condition. Data from several extrusion runs were super-imposed to obtain a profile to evaluate the model. The dispersion number, determined from the first and second moments of the RTD curve, was primarily a function of the length of the reaction zone. There was good agreement between predictions and experimental data, especially at low dispersion numbers. In general, the axial dispersion model appears to be suitable for analysis of enzymatic reactions of up to 30% conversion. At a fixed flow rate and constant temperature, the extent of starch conversion depends significantly on moisture content, residence time and enzyme dosage, but not on screw speed.",
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    N2 - A Baker-Perkins corotating twin screw extruder was used as a bioreactor to hydrolyze pregelantinized corn starch by thermophilic Bacillus licheniformis α-amylase. The extruder was modeled as a tube, and characterized as a closed system. This characterization is not in the thermodynamic sense; rather, it relates to the profile of a tracer fluid upon entry to and exit from the reaction zone. The reaction kinetics were modeled by a modified first-order equation, which allowed the dispersion equation to be solved analytically with the Danckwerts boundary condition. Data from several extrusion runs were super-imposed to obtain a profile to evaluate the model. The dispersion number, determined from the first and second moments of the RTD curve, was primarily a function of the length of the reaction zone. There was good agreement between predictions and experimental data, especially at low dispersion numbers. In general, the axial dispersion model appears to be suitable for analysis of enzymatic reactions of up to 30% conversion. At a fixed flow rate and constant temperature, the extent of starch conversion depends significantly on moisture content, residence time and enzyme dosage, but not on screw speed.

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