A Review of Microwave-Assisted Polymer Chemistry (MAPC)

Liming Zong, Shuangjie Zhou, Nikki Sgriccia, Martin C. Hawley, Leo C. Kempel

    Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

    • 60 Citations

    Abstract

    As a relatively new source of processing energy, microwave energy offers many compelling advantages in materials processing over conventional heat sources. These advantages include greater flexibility, greater speed and energy savings, improved product quality and properties, and synthesis of new materials that cannot be produced by other heating methods. Studies of microwave processing of polymeric materials in the early 1960s led to a successful industrial application in the rubber industry. Since the mid-1980's, there has been a great deal of interest in microwave processing of polymeric materials worldwide. The discipline can be categorized in two major fields: microwave-assisted polymer physics (MAPP) and microwave assisted polymer chemistry (MAPC). This paper offers an overview of the state-of-the-art research on the field of MAPC, including polymer processing (curing of thermosets, processing of thermoplastics, and joining), polymer synthesis, plasma modification of polymer surfaces, plasma polymerization, polymer degradation, and production of nanomaterials. Most of these studies have focused on laboratory-scale, exploratory efforts. Challenges and possible future directions for the commercialization of microwave processing technologies are discussed.

    LanguageEnglish (US)
    Pages49-74
    Number of pages26
    JournalJournal of Microwave Power and Electromagnetic Energy
    Volume38
    Issue number1
    StatePublished - 2003

    Profile

    Polymers
    Microwaves
    Processing
    polymer chemistry
    microwaves
    polymers
    energy
    synthesis
    Rubber industry
    Plasma polymerization
    Thermosets
    Nanostructured materials
    Joining
    Thermoplastics
    Industrial applications
    Curing
    Energy conservation
    Physics
    Plasmas
    Heating

    Keywords

    • Chemistry
    • Microwave
    • Polymer

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

    Cite this

    A Review of Microwave-Assisted Polymer Chemistry (MAPC). / Zong, Liming; Zhou, Shuangjie; Sgriccia, Nikki; Hawley, Martin C.; Kempel, Leo C.

    In: Journal of Microwave Power and Electromagnetic Energy, Vol. 38, No. 1, 2003, p. 49-74.

    Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

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