A review of the relation of aerobic fitness and physical activity to brain structure and function in children

Laura Chaddock, Matthew B. Pontifex, Charles H. Hillman, Arthur F. Kramer

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

  • 94 Citations

Abstract

A growing number of schools have increasingly de-emphasized the importance of providing physical activity opportunities during the school day, despite emerging research that illustrates the deleterious relationship between low levels of aerobic fitness and neurocognition in children. Accordingly, a brief review of studies that link fitness-related differences in brain structure and brain function to cognitive abilities is provided herein. Overall, the extant literature suggests that childhood aerobic fitness is associated with higher levels of cognition and differences in regional brain structure and function. Indeed, it has recently been found that aerobic fitness level even predicts cognition over time. Given the paucity of work in this area, several avenues for future investigations are also highlighted.

LanguageEnglish (US)
Pages975-985
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of the International Neuropsychological Society
Volume17
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2011
Externally publishedYes

Profile

fitness
brain
Cognition
Exercise
Brain
Physical Activity
Fitness
cognition
school
Aptitude
Research
cognitive ability
childhood
literature
time
Childhood
Cognitive Ability

Keywords

  • Academic achievement
  • Cognition
  • Cognitive control
  • ERPs
  • Exercise
  • MRI
  • Plasticity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language

Cite this

A review of the relation of aerobic fitness and physical activity to brain structure and function in children. / Chaddock, Laura; Pontifex, Matthew B.; Hillman, Charles H.; Kramer, Arthur F.

In: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, Vol. 17, No. 6, 11.2011, p. 975-985.

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

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