Adsorption and interlayer diffusion controlled growth and unique surface patterned growth of polyelectrolyte multilayers

Jing Yu, Brooke M. Meharg, Ilsoon Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  • 2 Citations

Abstract

In this work, extremely high molecular weight (Mw) poly(allylamine hydrochloride) (PAH, 900K g/mol) and poly(acrylic acid) (PAA, 225 K g/mol) were selected to amplify the difference in the growth of multilayers in comparison with low Mw PAA (15K g/mol) and PAH (15K g/mol). By varying the pH conditions, the PAH/PAA multilayers were fabricated via the layer-by-layer (LbL) assembly in both linear and exponential growth regimes. In the linear growth regime with interlayer diffusion suppressed, high Mw polyelectrolytes with low charge density could slow down the adsorption step, leading to the decrease of thickness compared to low Mw polyelectrolytes when the deposition time was limited. However, the effect of Mw could be reversed by increasing the deposition time, for the adsorption of low Mw polyelectrolyte reached equilibrium, while the adsorption of high Mw polyelectrolyte continued. The larger coil size of high Mw polyelectrolyte could enable the surpassing of multilayer thickness compared with low Mw polyelectrolyte. In the exponential growth regime, besides the slow adsorption, the application of high Mw polyelectrolytes further suppressed the interlayer diffusion, leading to the decrease of multilayer thickness regardless of deposition time. We further studied the effects of deposition time, Mw of polyelectrolytes, and the number of bilayers on the surface morphology in the exponential growth regime. Surface roughness significantly increased with the application of high Mw PAA and the increase in deposition time. For the first time, the unique LbL film growth patterns of islet, ring and cantaloupe skin-like structures that consecutively formed on the surface of polyelectrolyte multilayers were reported by tuning the above parameters.

LanguageEnglish (US)
Pages297-306
Number of pages10
JournalPolymer (United Kingdom)
Volume109
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 27 2017

Profile

Polyelectrolytes
Multilayers
Adsorption
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons
carbopol 940
Film growth
Charge density
Acrylics
Surface morphology
Skin
Tuning
Surface roughness
Molecular weight
Acids

Keywords

  • Adsorption
  • Film growth
  • Interlayer diffusion
  • Polyelectrolyte multilayers
  • Surface morphology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Organic Chemistry

Cite this

Adsorption and interlayer diffusion controlled growth and unique surface patterned growth of polyelectrolyte multilayers. / Yu, Jing; Meharg, Brooke M.; Lee, Ilsoon.

In: Polymer (United Kingdom), Vol. 109, 27.01.2017, p. 297-306.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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N2 - In this work, extremely high molecular weight (Mw) poly(allylamine hydrochloride) (PAH, 900K g/mol) and poly(acrylic acid) (PAA, 225 K g/mol) were selected to amplify the difference in the growth of multilayers in comparison with low Mw PAA (15K g/mol) and PAH (15K g/mol). By varying the pH conditions, the PAH/PAA multilayers were fabricated via the layer-by-layer (LbL) assembly in both linear and exponential growth regimes. In the linear growth regime with interlayer diffusion suppressed, high Mw polyelectrolytes with low charge density could slow down the adsorption step, leading to the decrease of thickness compared to low Mw polyelectrolytes when the deposition time was limited. However, the effect of Mw could be reversed by increasing the deposition time, for the adsorption of low Mw polyelectrolyte reached equilibrium, while the adsorption of high Mw polyelectrolyte continued. The larger coil size of high Mw polyelectrolyte could enable the surpassing of multilayer thickness compared with low Mw polyelectrolyte. In the exponential growth regime, besides the slow adsorption, the application of high Mw polyelectrolytes further suppressed the interlayer diffusion, leading to the decrease of multilayer thickness regardless of deposition time. We further studied the effects of deposition time, Mw of polyelectrolytes, and the number of bilayers on the surface morphology in the exponential growth regime. Surface roughness significantly increased with the application of high Mw PAA and the increase in deposition time. For the first time, the unique LbL film growth patterns of islet, ring and cantaloupe skin-like structures that consecutively formed on the surface of polyelectrolyte multilayers were reported by tuning the above parameters.

AB - In this work, extremely high molecular weight (Mw) poly(allylamine hydrochloride) (PAH, 900K g/mol) and poly(acrylic acid) (PAA, 225 K g/mol) were selected to amplify the difference in the growth of multilayers in comparison with low Mw PAA (15K g/mol) and PAH (15K g/mol). By varying the pH conditions, the PAH/PAA multilayers were fabricated via the layer-by-layer (LbL) assembly in both linear and exponential growth regimes. In the linear growth regime with interlayer diffusion suppressed, high Mw polyelectrolytes with low charge density could slow down the adsorption step, leading to the decrease of thickness compared to low Mw polyelectrolytes when the deposition time was limited. However, the effect of Mw could be reversed by increasing the deposition time, for the adsorption of low Mw polyelectrolyte reached equilibrium, while the adsorption of high Mw polyelectrolyte continued. The larger coil size of high Mw polyelectrolyte could enable the surpassing of multilayer thickness compared with low Mw polyelectrolyte. In the exponential growth regime, besides the slow adsorption, the application of high Mw polyelectrolytes further suppressed the interlayer diffusion, leading to the decrease of multilayer thickness regardless of deposition time. We further studied the effects of deposition time, Mw of polyelectrolytes, and the number of bilayers on the surface morphology in the exponential growth regime. Surface roughness significantly increased with the application of high Mw PAA and the increase in deposition time. For the first time, the unique LbL film growth patterns of islet, ring and cantaloupe skin-like structures that consecutively formed on the surface of polyelectrolyte multilayers were reported by tuning the above parameters.

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