Bio-Based Sources for Terephthalic Acid

Research output: ResearchChapter

  • 3 Citations

Abstract

There is a growing consumer demand for bio-based plastics and chemicals that is being fueled by the public attitude toward environmental responsibility. One plastic in particular, poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET), is the fastest growing bio-based plastic as a result of significant market demand for bio-based PET from the Plant PET Technology Collaborative made up of Coca Cola, Ford, Heinz, Nike and Proctor&Gamble. This consortium and other retailers are assisting several pre-commercial enterprises to develop commercial processes for bio-based terephthalic acid. Most of these processes target p-xylene (pX), the petrochemical precursor for terephthalic acid. They include three thermochemical processes, those of Anellotech, Virent and Ensyn, which produce the benzene, toluene and xylenes (BTX) fraction. Gevo uses a carbohydrate fermentation process to isobutylene which it converts to pX and there are chemical processes including those of Micromidas and Avantium. These latter processes dehydrate carbohydrate feedstocks to furan intermediates from which Micromidas produces pX and Avantium produces 2,5-furandicarboxylic acid (FDCA). FDCA is used to make poly(ethylene furanoate) which has some advantaged properties relative to those of PET. Techno-economic evaluations have shown that some of these companies have achieved economics that are competitive with those of petro-based pX. Most of these have operating pilot facilities and are anticipating scale up to larger production capacity.

LanguageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationGreen Polymer Chemistry: Biobased Materials and Biocatalysis
PublisherAmerican Chemical Society
Pages453-469
Number of pages17
Volume1192
ISBN (Print)9780841230651
DOIs
StatePublished - 2015
Externally publishedYes

Publication series

NameACS Symposium Series
Volume1192
ISSN (Print)00976156
ISSN (Electronic)19475918

Profile

terephthalic acid
4-xylene
Xylene
Acids
Plastics
Carbohydrates
Economics
Industry
Xylenes
Polyethylene Terephthalates
Toluene
Benzene
Petrochemicals
Fermentation
Feedstocks
isobutylene
furan
2,5-furandicarboxylic acid
ethylene
Polyethylene terephthalates

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Cite this

Smith, P. B. (2015). Bio-Based Sources for Terephthalic Acid. In Green Polymer Chemistry: Biobased Materials and Biocatalysis (Vol. 1192, pp. 453-469). (ACS Symposium Series; Vol. 1192). American Chemical Society. DOI: 10.1021/bk-2015-1192.ch027

Bio-Based Sources for Terephthalic Acid. / Smith, Patrick B.

Green Polymer Chemistry: Biobased Materials and Biocatalysis. Vol. 1192 American Chemical Society, 2015. p. 453-469 (ACS Symposium Series; Vol. 1192).

Research output: ResearchChapter

Smith, PB 2015, Bio-Based Sources for Terephthalic Acid. in Green Polymer Chemistry: Biobased Materials and Biocatalysis. vol. 1192, ACS Symposium Series, vol. 1192, American Chemical Society, pp. 453-469. DOI: 10.1021/bk-2015-1192.ch027
Smith PB. Bio-Based Sources for Terephthalic Acid. In Green Polymer Chemistry: Biobased Materials and Biocatalysis. Vol. 1192. American Chemical Society. 2015. p. 453-469. (ACS Symposium Series). Available from, DOI: 10.1021/bk-2015-1192.ch027
Smith, Patrick B./ Bio-Based Sources for Terephthalic Acid. Green Polymer Chemistry: Biobased Materials and Biocatalysis. Vol. 1192 American Chemical Society, 2015. pp. 453-469 (ACS Symposium Series).
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