Biobased & biodegradable plastics: Rationale, drivers, and technology exemplars

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

    • 4 Citations

    Abstract

    Biobased and biodegradable plastics can form the basis for an environmentally responsible, sustainable alternative to current materials based exclusively on petroleum feedstocks. Biobased plastics offer value in the sustainability/life-cycle equation by offering a reduced carbon footprint in complete harmony with the rate and time scales of the biological carbon cycle and responsible end-of-life option through recycling and biodegradability in targeted disposal environments. Identification and quantification of biobased carbon content uses radioactive C-14 signature. The biobased carbon content provides the amount of CO2 emissions reduction achievable for switching from the fossil to bio carbon-the material carbon footprint. Single use, short-life, disposable products can be engineered to be biboased and biodegradable. These products should be completely biodegradable in a defined time frame in the selected disposal environment as opposed to degradable or partially biodegradable. International standards from ASTM, ISO, EN on biobased content and biodegradability is presented. The manufacture of starch foam and starch bioplastics is discussed as technology exemplars for biobased and biodegradable products.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Title of host publicationACS Symposium Series
    PublisherAmerican Chemical Society
    Pages13-31
    Number of pages19
    Volume1114
    ISBN (Print)9780841228221
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Nov 14 2012

    Publication series

    NameACS Symposium Series
    Volume1114
    ISSN (Print)00976156
    ISSN (Electronic)19475918

    Profile

    Carbon
    Plastics
    Acyclic Acids
    Carnosine
    Carbon footprint
    Traffic Accidents
    Biodegradability
    Starch
    Bicyclo Compounds
    Aminoacridines
    Melanesia
    Ambroxol
    Acromegaly
    Feasibility Studies
    Feedstocks
    Recycling
    Equipment and Supplies
    Foams
    Sustainable development
    Life cycle

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Chemistry(all)
    • Chemical Engineering(all)

    Cite this

    Narayan, R. (2012). Biobased & biodegradable plastics: Rationale, drivers, and technology exemplars. In ACS Symposium Series (Vol. 1114, pp. 13-31). (ACS Symposium Series; Vol. 1114). American Chemical Society. DOI: 10.1021/bk-2012-1114.ch002

    Biobased & biodegradable plastics : Rationale, drivers, and technology exemplars. / Narayan, Ramani.

    ACS Symposium Series. Vol. 1114 American Chemical Society, 2012. p. 13-31 (ACS Symposium Series; Vol. 1114).

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

    Narayan, R 2012, Biobased & biodegradable plastics: Rationale, drivers, and technology exemplars. in ACS Symposium Series. vol. 1114, ACS Symposium Series, vol. 1114, American Chemical Society, pp. 13-31. DOI: 10.1021/bk-2012-1114.ch002
    Narayan R. Biobased & biodegradable plastics: Rationale, drivers, and technology exemplars. In ACS Symposium Series. Vol. 1114. American Chemical Society. 2012. p. 13-31. (ACS Symposium Series). Available from, DOI: 10.1021/bk-2012-1114.ch002

    Narayan, Ramani / Biobased & biodegradable plastics : Rationale, drivers, and technology exemplars.

    ACS Symposium Series. Vol. 1114 American Chemical Society, 2012. p. 13-31 (ACS Symposium Series; Vol. 1114).

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

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