Biobased & biodegradable plastics: Rationale, drivers, and technology exemplars

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

  • 4 Citations

Abstract

Biobased and biodegradable plastics can form the basis for an environmentally responsible, sustainable alternative to current materials based exclusively on petroleum feedstocks. Biobased plastics offer value in the sustainability/life-cycle equation by offering a reduced carbon footprint in complete harmony with the rate and time scales of the biological carbon cycle and responsible end-of-life option through recycling and biodegradability in targeted disposal environments. Identification and quantification of biobased carbon content uses radioactive C-14 signature. The biobased carbon content provides the amount of CO2 emissions reduction achievable for switching from the fossil to bio carbon-the material carbon footprint. Single use, short-life, disposable products can be engineered to be biboased and biodegradable. These products should be completely biodegradable in a defined time frame in the selected disposal environment as opposed to degradable or partially biodegradable. International standards from ASTM, ISO, EN on biobased content and biodegradability is presented. The manufacture of starch foam and starch bioplastics is discussed as technology exemplars for biobased and biodegradable products.

LanguageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationACS Symposium Series
PublisherAmerican Chemical Society
Pages13-31
Number of pages19
Volume1114
ISBN (Print)9780841228221
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 14 2012

Publication series

NameACS Symposium Series
Volume1114
ISSN (Print)00976156
ISSN (Electronic)19475918

Profile

Carbon
Plastics
Carbon footprint
Biodegradability
Starch
Petroleum
Carbon Monoxide
Feedstocks
Foams
Recycling
Sustainable development
Life cycle
Crude oil

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Cite this

Narayan, R. (2012). Biobased & biodegradable plastics: Rationale, drivers, and technology exemplars. In ACS Symposium Series (Vol. 1114, pp. 13-31). (ACS Symposium Series; Vol. 1114). American Chemical Society. DOI: 10.1021/bk-2012-1114.ch002

Biobased & biodegradable plastics : Rationale, drivers, and technology exemplars. / Narayan, Ramani.

ACS Symposium Series. Vol. 1114 American Chemical Society, 2012. p. 13-31 (ACS Symposium Series; Vol. 1114).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Narayan, R 2012, Biobased & biodegradable plastics: Rationale, drivers, and technology exemplars. in ACS Symposium Series. vol. 1114, ACS Symposium Series, vol. 1114, American Chemical Society, pp. 13-31. DOI: 10.1021/bk-2012-1114.ch002
Narayan R. Biobased & biodegradable plastics: Rationale, drivers, and technology exemplars. In ACS Symposium Series. Vol. 1114. American Chemical Society. 2012. p. 13-31. (ACS Symposium Series). Available from, DOI: 10.1021/bk-2012-1114.ch002
Narayan, Ramani. / Biobased & biodegradable plastics : Rationale, drivers, and technology exemplars. ACS Symposium Series. Vol. 1114 American Chemical Society, 2012. pp. 13-31 (ACS Symposium Series).
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