Characterization of natural fiber surfaces

Nikki Sgriccia, M. C. Hawley

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    Abstract

    Experiments have been performed to further the development of natural fiber reinforced composites as a replacement for glass fiber composites. Untreated and treated surfaces of natural fibers were characterized using FTIR and ESEM. Changes in the peaks in the FTIR spectrum at 1730, 1625 and 1239 cm-1 indicated that the alkali treatment removes hemicellulose and lignin from natural fiber surfaces. ESEM indicated the presence of silane on treated hemp and kenaf. Water absorption experiments were also conducted to determine saturation mass gain. Alkali treated fiber composites absorbed more water than silane treated or untreated composites. The natural fiber composites absorbed more water than the glass fiber composites.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Title of host publicationICCM International Conferences on Composite Materials
    StatePublished - 2007
    Event16th International Conference on Composite Materials, ICCM-16 - "A Giant Step Towards Environmental Awareness: From Green Composites to Aerospace" - Kyoto, Japan

    Other

    Other16th International Conference on Composite Materials, ICCM-16 - "A Giant Step Towards Environmental Awareness: From Green Composites to Aerospace"
    CountryJapan
    CityKyoto
    Period7/8/077/13/07

    Profile

    Composite materials
    Natural fibers
    Calcium Metabolism Disorders
    Edema Disease of Swine
    Silanes
    Glass fibers
    Water
    Experiments
    Common Bile Duct Diseases
    Hemp
    Water absorption
    Lignin
    Fibers
    Abnormal Erythrocytes

    Keywords

    • Composites
    • ESEM
    • FTIR
    • Microwave
    • Water absorption

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Engineering(all)
    • Ceramics and Composites

    Cite this

    Sgriccia, N., & Hawley, M. C. (2007). Characterization of natural fiber surfaces. In ICCM International Conferences on Composite Materials

    Characterization of natural fiber surfaces. / Sgriccia, Nikki; Hawley, M. C.

    ICCM International Conferences on Composite Materials. 2007.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    Sgriccia, N & Hawley, MC 2007, Characterization of natural fiber surfaces. in ICCM International Conferences on Composite Materials. 16th International Conference on Composite Materials, ICCM-16 - "A Giant Step Towards Environmental Awareness: From Green Composites to Aerospace", Kyoto, Japan, 8-13 July.
    Sgriccia N, Hawley MC. Characterization of natural fiber surfaces. In ICCM International Conferences on Composite Materials. 2007.

    Sgriccia, Nikki; Hawley, M. C. / Characterization of natural fiber surfaces.

    ICCM International Conferences on Composite Materials. 2007.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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