Characterization of natural fiber surfaces

Nikki Sgriccia, M. C. Hawley

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Experiments have been performed to further the development of natural fiber reinforced composites as a replacement for glass fiber composites. Untreated and treated surfaces of natural fibers were characterized using FTIR and ESEM. Changes in the peaks in the FTIR spectrum at 1730, 1625 and 1239 cm-1 indicated that the alkali treatment removes hemicellulose and lignin from natural fiber surfaces. ESEM indicated the presence of silane on treated hemp and kenaf. Water absorption experiments were also conducted to determine saturation mass gain. Alkali treated fiber composites absorbed more water than silane treated or untreated composites. The natural fiber composites absorbed more water than the glass fiber composites.

Other

Other16th International Conference on Composite Materials, ICCM-16 - "A Giant Step Towards Environmental Awareness: From Green Composites to Aerospace"
CountryJapan
CityKyoto
Period7/8/077/13/07

Profile

Natural fibers
Composite materials
Silanes
Alkalies
Glass fibers
Hemp
Water
Lignin
Water absorption
Cannabis
Experiments
Fibers

Keywords

  • Composites
  • ESEM
  • FTIR
  • Microwave
  • Water absorption

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)
  • Ceramics and Composites

Cite this

Sgriccia, N., & Hawley, M. C. (2007). Characterization of natural fiber surfaces. In ICCM International Conferences on Composite Materials

Characterization of natural fiber surfaces. / Sgriccia, Nikki; Hawley, M. C.

ICCM International Conferences on Composite Materials. 2007.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Sgriccia, N & Hawley, MC 2007, Characterization of natural fiber surfaces. in ICCM International Conferences on Composite Materials. 16th International Conference on Composite Materials, ICCM-16 - "A Giant Step Towards Environmental Awareness: From Green Composites to Aerospace", Kyoto, Japan, 7/8/07.
Sgriccia N, Hawley MC. Characterization of natural fiber surfaces. In ICCM International Conferences on Composite Materials. 2007.
Sgriccia, Nikki ; Hawley, M. C./ Characterization of natural fiber surfaces. ICCM International Conferences on Composite Materials. 2007.
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