Cold flow properties for blends of biofuels with diesel and jet fuels

Anne L. Lown, Lars Peereboom, Sherry A. Mueller, James E. Anderson, Dennis J. Miller, Carl T. Lira

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    • 10 Citations

    Abstract

    Twelve potential biofuel compounds were tested in mixtures with three diesel fuels and one jet fuel to determine the effects of different functional groups on low temperature properties. Functional groups evaluated include diesters, esters, ketones, and ethers; alkanes were used for comparison. The length of the hydrocarbon chains on either side of the oxygen-containing functional groups and branching were varied. Some test compounds are not anticipated to be commercial biofuels, but were compared to understand the effect of functional groups on cold flow behavior. Trends were observed relating to the compound class or oxygen-containing functional group present in the compound. Generally, alkanes, ethers, esters, and ketones with a low melting point temperature decreased the cloud point temperature of a fuel. Adding diesters resulted in low temperature liquid-liquid immiscibility. Multiple methods were used to confirm the presence of two liquid phases with diesters, including cold filter plugging point measurements. These general behaviors are independent of chain length and branching, as long as the melting point temperature of the compound is not significantly higher than the cloud point temperature of the fuel.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)544-551
    Number of pages8
    JournalFuel
    Volume117
    Issue numberPART A
    DOIs
    StatePublished - 2014

    Profile

    Functional groups
    Temperature
    Acetanilides
    Hyperostosis, Cortical, Congenital
    Biofuels
    Liquids
    Birth Certificates
    Jet fuel
    Diesel fuels
    Ketones
    Paraffins
    Melting point
    Ethers
    Esters
    Oxygen
    Suckling Animals
    Spiroplasma
    Motor Activity
    Low temperature properties
    Chain length

    Keywords

    • Biofuel
    • Cloud point
    • Cold filter plugging point
    • Diesel
    • Jet fuel

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Fuel Technology
    • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
    • Chemical Engineering(all)
    • Organic Chemistry

    Cite this

    Lown, A. L., Peereboom, L., Mueller, S. A., Anderson, J. E., Miller, D. J., & Lira, C. T. (2014). Cold flow properties for blends of biofuels with diesel and jet fuels. Fuel, 117(PART A), 544-551. DOI: 10.1016/j.fuel.2013.09.067

    Cold flow properties for blends of biofuels with diesel and jet fuels. / Lown, Anne L.; Peereboom, Lars; Mueller, Sherry A.; Anderson, James E.; Miller, Dennis J.; Lira, Carl T.

    In: Fuel, Vol. 117, No. PART A, 2014, p. 544-551.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Lown, AL, Peereboom, L, Mueller, SA, Anderson, JE, Miller, DJ & Lira, CT 2014, 'Cold flow properties for blends of biofuels with diesel and jet fuels' Fuel, vol 117, no. PART A, pp. 544-551. DOI: 10.1016/j.fuel.2013.09.067
    Lown AL, Peereboom L, Mueller SA, Anderson JE, Miller DJ, Lira CT. Cold flow properties for blends of biofuels with diesel and jet fuels. Fuel. 2014;117(PART A):544-551. Available from, DOI: 10.1016/j.fuel.2013.09.067

    Lown, Anne L.; Peereboom, Lars; Mueller, Sherry A.; Anderson, James E.; Miller, Dennis J.; Lira, Carl T. / Cold flow properties for blends of biofuels with diesel and jet fuels.

    In: Fuel, Vol. 117, No. PART A, 2014, p. 544-551.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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