Coping strategies used by U.S. Olympic wrestlers.

D. Gould, R. C. Eklund, S. A. Jackson

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

  • 194 Citations

Abstract

Extensive in-depth interviews were conducted with all 20 members of the 1988 U.S. Olympic Wrestling Team regarding their efforts to cope with stress experienced during the Seoul Olympics. Qualitative analyses revealed that the wrestlers employed a variety of coping strategies including: (a) thought control strategies (blocking distractions, perspective taking, positive thinking, coping thoughts, and prayer), (b) task focus strategies (narrow, more immediate focus, concentrating on goals), (c) behavioral based strategies (changing or controlling the environment, following a set routine), and (d) emotional control strategies (arousal control, visualization). In accordance with the observations of Compas (1987) and Folkman and Lazarus (1985), the coping efforts of the Olympic wrestlers were not limited to particular strategies nor to single approaches to dealing with a particular stressor but, rather, reflected a dynamic complex process involving a number of strategies, often in combination. The results also suggested that the degree to which coping strategies are well learned or automatized is related to their perceived effectiveness.

LanguageEnglish (US)
Pages83-93
Number of pages11
JournalResearch Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
Volume64
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 1993
Externally publishedYes

Profile

Wrestling
Religion
Arousal
Interviews
Seoul
Optimism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Psychology(all)
  • Applied Psychology
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Cite this

Coping strategies used by U.S. Olympic wrestlers. / Gould, D.; Eklund, R. C.; Jackson, S. A.

In: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, Vol. 64, No. 1, 03.1993, p. 83-93.

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Gould, D. ; Eklund, R. C. ; Jackson, S. A./ Coping strategies used by U.S. Olympic wrestlers.In: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport. 1993 ; Vol. 64, No. 1. pp. 83-93
@article{6b657e205a1c418db42de02a434cf6d1,
title = "Coping strategies used by U.S. Olympic wrestlers.",
abstract = "Extensive in-depth interviews were conducted with all 20 members of the 1988 U.S. Olympic Wrestling Team regarding their efforts to cope with stress experienced during the Seoul Olympics. Qualitative analyses revealed that the wrestlers employed a variety of coping strategies including: (a) thought control strategies (blocking distractions, perspective taking, positive thinking, coping thoughts, and prayer), (b) task focus strategies (narrow, more immediate focus, concentrating on goals), (c) behavioral based strategies (changing or controlling the environment, following a set routine), and (d) emotional control strategies (arousal control, visualization). In accordance with the observations of Compas (1987) and Folkman and Lazarus (1985), the coping efforts of the Olympic wrestlers were not limited to particular strategies nor to single approaches to dealing with a particular stressor but, rather, reflected a dynamic complex process involving a number of strategies, often in combination. The results also suggested that the degree to which coping strategies are well learned or automatized is related to their perceived effectiveness.",
author = "D. Gould and Eklund, {R. C.} and Jackson, {S. A.}",
year = "1993",
month = "3",
volume = "64",
pages = "83--93",
journal = "Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport",
issn = "0270-1367",
publisher = "AAHPERD",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Coping strategies used by U.S. Olympic wrestlers.

AU - Gould,D.

AU - Eklund,R. C.

AU - Jackson,S. A.

PY - 1993/3

Y1 - 1993/3

N2 - Extensive in-depth interviews were conducted with all 20 members of the 1988 U.S. Olympic Wrestling Team regarding their efforts to cope with stress experienced during the Seoul Olympics. Qualitative analyses revealed that the wrestlers employed a variety of coping strategies including: (a) thought control strategies (blocking distractions, perspective taking, positive thinking, coping thoughts, and prayer), (b) task focus strategies (narrow, more immediate focus, concentrating on goals), (c) behavioral based strategies (changing or controlling the environment, following a set routine), and (d) emotional control strategies (arousal control, visualization). In accordance with the observations of Compas (1987) and Folkman and Lazarus (1985), the coping efforts of the Olympic wrestlers were not limited to particular strategies nor to single approaches to dealing with a particular stressor but, rather, reflected a dynamic complex process involving a number of strategies, often in combination. The results also suggested that the degree to which coping strategies are well learned or automatized is related to their perceived effectiveness.

AB - Extensive in-depth interviews were conducted with all 20 members of the 1988 U.S. Olympic Wrestling Team regarding their efforts to cope with stress experienced during the Seoul Olympics. Qualitative analyses revealed that the wrestlers employed a variety of coping strategies including: (a) thought control strategies (blocking distractions, perspective taking, positive thinking, coping thoughts, and prayer), (b) task focus strategies (narrow, more immediate focus, concentrating on goals), (c) behavioral based strategies (changing or controlling the environment, following a set routine), and (d) emotional control strategies (arousal control, visualization). In accordance with the observations of Compas (1987) and Folkman and Lazarus (1985), the coping efforts of the Olympic wrestlers were not limited to particular strategies nor to single approaches to dealing with a particular stressor but, rather, reflected a dynamic complex process involving a number of strategies, often in combination. The results also suggested that the degree to which coping strategies are well learned or automatized is related to their perceived effectiveness.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0027566945&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0027566945&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 64

SP - 83

EP - 93

JO - Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

T2 - Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

JF - Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

SN - 0270-1367

IS - 1

ER -