CoVR: Cloud-Based Multiuser Virtual Reality Headset System for Project Communication of Remote Users

Jing Du, Yangming Shi, Zhengbo Zou, Dong Zhao

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Abstract

Inefficient communication among project stakeholders is one of the most critical issues in the architecture, engineering, and construction (AEC) industry. In reality, it is difficult to create a common understanding about a project among key stakeholders located remotely. The recent progress of virtual reality (VR) makes it a promising approach for interactive visualization of design, construction, and facility management. However, the lack of interactions in VR, such as data interaction, human-building interaction, and human-human interaction, has impeded the adoption of VR in the AEC industry. To fill the gaps, this paper introduces a cloud-based multiuser VR headset system called collaborative virtual reality (CoVR) that facilitates interpersonal project communication in an interactive VR environment. CoVR provides not only a shared immersive experience, but also allows interactions with the underlying simulated world and face-to-face conversations in the virtual world. A real case was used to test the usability of the CoVR system, followed by a building inspection experiment in which 71 subjects were recruited to test the comparative advantages of CoVR. Results indicate that CoVR improves interpersonal interactions in the immersive virtual environment and enhances communications in construction projects. Users of CoVR tended to perform better in a building inspection task than those who were using a single-person VR system. In practice, CoVR is expected to help project stakeholders create a shared vision before construction work commences.

LanguageEnglish (US)
Article number04017109
JournalJournal of Construction Engineering and Management
Volume144
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2018

Profile

Communication
Virtual reality
Interaction
Stakeholders
Engineering industry
Construction industry
Inspection
Facilities management
Usability
Shared vision
Construction project
Construction work
Visualization
Comparative advantage
Construction management
Collaborative systems
Design management
Virtual worlds
Experiment
Virtual environments

Keywords

  • Building information modeling
  • Cloud computing
  • Information technologies
  • Virtual reality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Industrial relations
  • Strategy and Management

Cite this

CoVR : Cloud-Based Multiuser Virtual Reality Headset System for Project Communication of Remote Users. / Du, Jing; Shi, Yangming; Zou, Zhengbo; Zhao, Dong.

In: Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, Vol. 144, No. 2, 04017109, 01.02.2018.

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

@article{e87418ae7c784b02826c3ba5e3c0bc70,
title = "CoVR: Cloud-Based Multiuser Virtual Reality Headset System for Project Communication of Remote Users",
abstract = "Inefficient communication among project stakeholders is one of the most critical issues in the architecture, engineering, and construction (AEC) industry. In reality, it is difficult to create a common understanding about a project among key stakeholders located remotely. The recent progress of virtual reality (VR) makes it a promising approach for interactive visualization of design, construction, and facility management. However, the lack of interactions in VR, such as data interaction, human-building interaction, and human-human interaction, has impeded the adoption of VR in the AEC industry. To fill the gaps, this paper introduces a cloud-based multiuser VR headset system called collaborative virtual reality (CoVR) that facilitates interpersonal project communication in an interactive VR environment. CoVR provides not only a shared immersive experience, but also allows interactions with the underlying simulated world and face-to-face conversations in the virtual world. A real case was used to test the usability of the CoVR system, followed by a building inspection experiment in which 71 subjects were recruited to test the comparative advantages of CoVR. Results indicate that CoVR improves interpersonal interactions in the immersive virtual environment and enhances communications in construction projects. Users of CoVR tended to perform better in a building inspection task than those who were using a single-person VR system. In practice, CoVR is expected to help project stakeholders create a shared vision before construction work commences.",
keywords = "Building information modeling, Cloud computing, Information technologies, Virtual reality",
author = "Jing Du and Yangming Shi and Zhengbo Zou and Dong Zhao",
year = "2018",
month = "2",
doi = "10.1061/(ASCE)CO.1943-7862.0001426",
volume = "144",
journal = "Journal of Construction Engineering and Management - ASCE",
issn = "0733-9364",
publisher = "American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE)",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - CoVR

T2 - Journal of Construction Engineering and Management - ASCE

AU - Du,Jing

AU - Shi,Yangming

AU - Zou,Zhengbo

AU - Zhao,Dong

PY - 2018/2/1

Y1 - 2018/2/1

N2 - Inefficient communication among project stakeholders is one of the most critical issues in the architecture, engineering, and construction (AEC) industry. In reality, it is difficult to create a common understanding about a project among key stakeholders located remotely. The recent progress of virtual reality (VR) makes it a promising approach for interactive visualization of design, construction, and facility management. However, the lack of interactions in VR, such as data interaction, human-building interaction, and human-human interaction, has impeded the adoption of VR in the AEC industry. To fill the gaps, this paper introduces a cloud-based multiuser VR headset system called collaborative virtual reality (CoVR) that facilitates interpersonal project communication in an interactive VR environment. CoVR provides not only a shared immersive experience, but also allows interactions with the underlying simulated world and face-to-face conversations in the virtual world. A real case was used to test the usability of the CoVR system, followed by a building inspection experiment in which 71 subjects were recruited to test the comparative advantages of CoVR. Results indicate that CoVR improves interpersonal interactions in the immersive virtual environment and enhances communications in construction projects. Users of CoVR tended to perform better in a building inspection task than those who were using a single-person VR system. In practice, CoVR is expected to help project stakeholders create a shared vision before construction work commences.

AB - Inefficient communication among project stakeholders is one of the most critical issues in the architecture, engineering, and construction (AEC) industry. In reality, it is difficult to create a common understanding about a project among key stakeholders located remotely. The recent progress of virtual reality (VR) makes it a promising approach for interactive visualization of design, construction, and facility management. However, the lack of interactions in VR, such as data interaction, human-building interaction, and human-human interaction, has impeded the adoption of VR in the AEC industry. To fill the gaps, this paper introduces a cloud-based multiuser VR headset system called collaborative virtual reality (CoVR) that facilitates interpersonal project communication in an interactive VR environment. CoVR provides not only a shared immersive experience, but also allows interactions with the underlying simulated world and face-to-face conversations in the virtual world. A real case was used to test the usability of the CoVR system, followed by a building inspection experiment in which 71 subjects were recruited to test the comparative advantages of CoVR. Results indicate that CoVR improves interpersonal interactions in the immersive virtual environment and enhances communications in construction projects. Users of CoVR tended to perform better in a building inspection task than those who were using a single-person VR system. In practice, CoVR is expected to help project stakeholders create a shared vision before construction work commences.

KW - Building information modeling

KW - Cloud computing

KW - Information technologies

KW - Virtual reality

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85036467384&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85036467384&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1061/(ASCE)CO.1943-7862.0001426

DO - 10.1061/(ASCE)CO.1943-7862.0001426

M3 - Article

VL - 144

JO - Journal of Construction Engineering and Management - ASCE

JF - Journal of Construction Engineering and Management - ASCE

SN - 0733-9364

IS - 2

M1 - 04017109

ER -