Direct measurement of critical resolved shear stress of prismatic and basal slip in polycrystalline Ti using high energy X-ray diffraction microscopy

L. Wang, Z. Zheng, H. Phukan, P. Kenesei, J. S. Park, J. Lind, R. M. Suter, T. R. Bieler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Knowledge of the critical resolved shear stress (CRSS) values of different slip modes is important for accurately modeling plastic deformation of hexagonal materials. Here, we demonstrate that CRSS can be directly measured with an in-situ high energy X-ray diffraction microscopy (HEDM) experiment. A commercially pure Ti tensile specimen was deformed up to 2.6% strain. In-situ far-field HEDM experiments were carried out to track the evolution of crystallographic orientations, centers of masses, and stress states of 1153 grains in a material volume of 1.1 mm × 1 mm × 1 mm. Predominant prismatic slip was identified in 18 grains, where the orientation change occurred primarily by rotation around the c-axis during specimen deformation. By analyzing the resolved shear stress on individual slip systems, the estimated CRSS for prismatic slip is 96 ± 18 MPa. Predominant basal slip was identified in 22 other grains, where the orientation change occurred primarily by tilting the c-axis about an axis in the basal plane. The estimated CRSS for basal slip is 127 ± 33 MPa. The ratio of CRSSbasal/CRSSprismatic is in the range of 1.7–2.1. From indirect assessment, the CRSS for pyramidal 〈c+a〉 slip is likely greater than 240 MPa. Grain size and free surface effects on the CRSS value in different grains are also examined.

LanguageEnglish (US)
Pages598-610
Number of pages13
JournalActa Materialia
Volume132
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 15 2017

Profile

Shear stress
Microscopic examination
X ray diffraction
Plastic deformation
Experiments

Keywords

  • Critical resolved shear stress
  • Crystal plasticity
  • High-energy X-ray diffraction
  • In situ tension test
  • Titanium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Metals and Alloys

Cite this

Direct measurement of critical resolved shear stress of prismatic and basal slip in polycrystalline Ti using high energy X-ray diffraction microscopy. / Wang, L.; Zheng, Z.; Phukan, H.; Kenesei, P.; Park, J. S.; Lind, J.; Suter, R. M.; Bieler, T. R.

In: Acta Materialia, Vol. 132, 15.06.2017, p. 598-610.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Wang, L. ; Zheng, Z. ; Phukan, H. ; Kenesei, P. ; Park, J. S. ; Lind, J. ; Suter, R. M. ; Bieler, T. R./ Direct measurement of critical resolved shear stress of prismatic and basal slip in polycrystalline Ti using high energy X-ray diffraction microscopy. In: Acta Materialia. 2017 ; Vol. 132. pp. 598-610
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AU - Suter,R. M.

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AB - Knowledge of the critical resolved shear stress (CRSS) values of different slip modes is important for accurately modeling plastic deformation of hexagonal materials. Here, we demonstrate that CRSS can be directly measured with an in-situ high energy X-ray diffraction microscopy (HEDM) experiment. A commercially pure Ti tensile specimen was deformed up to 2.6% strain. In-situ far-field HEDM experiments were carried out to track the evolution of crystallographic orientations, centers of masses, and stress states of 1153 grains in a material volume of 1.1 mm × 1 mm × 1 mm. Predominant prismatic slip was identified in 18 grains, where the orientation change occurred primarily by rotation around the c-axis during specimen deformation. By analyzing the resolved shear stress on individual slip systems, the estimated CRSS for prismatic slip is 96 ± 18 MPa. Predominant basal slip was identified in 22 other grains, where the orientation change occurred primarily by tilting the c-axis about an axis in the basal plane. The estimated CRSS for basal slip is 127 ± 33 MPa. The ratio of CRSSbasal/CRSSprismatic is in the range of 1.7–2.1. From indirect assessment, the CRSS for pyramidal 〈c+a〉 slip is likely greater than 240 MPa. Grain size and free surface effects on the CRSS value in different grains are also examined.

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