### Abstract

We present a physics-based constitutive model of dislocation glide in metals that explicitly accounts for the redistribution of dislocations due to their motion. The model parameterizes the complex microstructure by dislocation densities of edge and screw character, which either occur with monopolar properties, i.e. a single dislocation with positive or negative line sense, or with dipolar properties, i.e. two dislocations of opposite line sense combined. The advantage of the model lies in the description of the dislocation density evolution, which comprises the usual rate equations for dislocation multiplication and annihilation, and formation and dissociation of dislocation dipoles. Additionally, the spatial redistribution of dislocations by slip is explicitly accounted for. This is achieved by introducing an advection term for the dislocation density that turns the evolution equations for the dislocation density from ordinary into partial differential equations. The associated spatial gradients of the dislocation slip render the model nonlocal. The model is applied to wedge indentation in single-crystalline nickel. The simulation results are compared to published experiments (Kysar et al., 2010) in terms of the spatial distribution of lattice rotations and geometrically necessary dislocations. In agreement with experiment, the predicted dislocation fluxes lead to accumulation of geometrically necessary dislocations around a vertical geometrical border with a high orientation gradient below the indenter that is decisive for the overall plastic response. A local model variant without dislocation transport is not able to predict the influence of this geometrical transition zone correctly and is shown to behave markedly softer.

Original language | English (US) |
---|---|

Pages (from-to) | 333-348 |

Number of pages | 16 |

Journal | Acta Materialia |

Volume | 71 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - 2014 |

### Profile

### Keywords

- Crystal plasticity
- Dislocations
- Geometrically necessary dislocations
- Indentation
- Microstructure

### ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Ceramics and Composites
- Metals and Alloys
- Polymers and Plastics
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials

### Cite this

*Acta Materialia*,

*71*, 333-348. DOI: 10.1016/j.actamat.2014.03.012

**Dislocation density distribution around an indent in single-crystalline nickel : Comparing nonlocal crystal plasticity finite-element predictions with experiments.** / Reuber, C.; Eisenlohr, P.; Roters, F.; Raabe, D.

Research output: Contribution to journal › Article

*Acta Materialia*, vol 71, pp. 333-348. DOI: 10.1016/j.actamat.2014.03.012

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Dislocation density distribution around an indent in single-crystalline nickel

T2 - Acta Materialia

AU - Reuber,C.

AU - Eisenlohr,P.

AU - Roters,F.

AU - Raabe,D.

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - We present a physics-based constitutive model of dislocation glide in metals that explicitly accounts for the redistribution of dislocations due to their motion. The model parameterizes the complex microstructure by dislocation densities of edge and screw character, which either occur with monopolar properties, i.e. a single dislocation with positive or negative line sense, or with dipolar properties, i.e. two dislocations of opposite line sense combined. The advantage of the model lies in the description of the dislocation density evolution, which comprises the usual rate equations for dislocation multiplication and annihilation, and formation and dissociation of dislocation dipoles. Additionally, the spatial redistribution of dislocations by slip is explicitly accounted for. This is achieved by introducing an advection term for the dislocation density that turns the evolution equations for the dislocation density from ordinary into partial differential equations. The associated spatial gradients of the dislocation slip render the model nonlocal. The model is applied to wedge indentation in single-crystalline nickel. The simulation results are compared to published experiments (Kysar et al., 2010) in terms of the spatial distribution of lattice rotations and geometrically necessary dislocations. In agreement with experiment, the predicted dislocation fluxes lead to accumulation of geometrically necessary dislocations around a vertical geometrical border with a high orientation gradient below the indenter that is decisive for the overall plastic response. A local model variant without dislocation transport is not able to predict the influence of this geometrical transition zone correctly and is shown to behave markedly softer.

AB - We present a physics-based constitutive model of dislocation glide in metals that explicitly accounts for the redistribution of dislocations due to their motion. The model parameterizes the complex microstructure by dislocation densities of edge and screw character, which either occur with monopolar properties, i.e. a single dislocation with positive or negative line sense, or with dipolar properties, i.e. two dislocations of opposite line sense combined. The advantage of the model lies in the description of the dislocation density evolution, which comprises the usual rate equations for dislocation multiplication and annihilation, and formation and dissociation of dislocation dipoles. Additionally, the spatial redistribution of dislocations by slip is explicitly accounted for. This is achieved by introducing an advection term for the dislocation density that turns the evolution equations for the dislocation density from ordinary into partial differential equations. The associated spatial gradients of the dislocation slip render the model nonlocal. The model is applied to wedge indentation in single-crystalline nickel. The simulation results are compared to published experiments (Kysar et al., 2010) in terms of the spatial distribution of lattice rotations and geometrically necessary dislocations. In agreement with experiment, the predicted dislocation fluxes lead to accumulation of geometrically necessary dislocations around a vertical geometrical border with a high orientation gradient below the indenter that is decisive for the overall plastic response. A local model variant without dislocation transport is not able to predict the influence of this geometrical transition zone correctly and is shown to behave markedly softer.

KW - Crystal plasticity

KW - Dislocations

KW - Geometrically necessary dislocations

KW - Indentation

KW - Microstructure

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84897364469&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84897364469&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.actamat.2014.03.012

DO - 10.1016/j.actamat.2014.03.012

M3 - Article

VL - 71

SP - 333

EP - 348

JO - Acta Materialia

JF - Acta Materialia

SN - 1359-6454

ER -