Effect of boron on the elevated-temperature tensile and creep behavior of cast Ti-6Al-2Sn-4Zr-2Mo-0.1Si (weight percent)

Well Chen, C. J. Boehlert

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Abstract

This work investigated the effect of nominal boron additions of 0.1, 0.4, and 1 wt pct on the intermediate-temperature (455 °C to 565 °C) tensile and tensile-creep deformation behavior of as-cast Ti-6Al-2Sn-4Zr-2Mo-0.1Si (wt pct) for applied stresses between 138 and 600 MPa. A 0.1 wt pct boron addition resulted in a refinement of the as-cast grain size from 550 to 75 μ m. Additional boron additions resulted in a less dramatic refinement of the as-cast grain size. Boron additions stabilized the orthorhombic TiB phase where the average TiB-phase volume percents were 0.7, 2.3, and 5.4 for the Ti-6Al-2Sn-4Zr-2Mo-0.1Si-0.1B (wt pct), Ti-6Al-2Sn-4Zr-2Mo-0.1Si-0.4B (wt pct), and Ti-6Al-2Sn-4Zr-2Mo-0.1Si-1B (wt pct) alloys, respectively. Overall, the boron additions did not have a dramatic effect on the creep behavior of Ti-6Al-2Sn-4Zr-2Mo-0.1Si, though the Ti-6Al-2Sn-4Zr-2Mo-0.1Si-1B (wt pct) alloy exhibited lower minimum creep rates than the baseline Ti-6Al-2Sn-4Zr-2Mo-0.1Si (wt pct) alloy. The sequence of surface deformation events during the elevated-temperature tensile deformation was characterized using in-situ experiments performed inside a scanning electron microscope. The TiB whisker microcracking occurred at stresses well below the global yield stress. Multiple and extensive TiB cracking occurred after global yielding. The α + β phase slip occurred after TiB whisker cracking.

LanguageEnglish (US)
Pages1568-1578
Number of pages11
JournalMetallurgical and Materials Transactions A: Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science
Volume40
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 2009

Profile

Boron
casts
Creep
boron
Temperature
grain size
temperature
tensile creep
tensile deformation
Microcracking
Yield stress
slip
Electron microscopes
electron microscopes
Scanning
scanning
Experiments

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Mechanics of Materials

Cite this

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title = "Effect of boron on the elevated-temperature tensile and creep behavior of cast Ti-6Al-2Sn-4Zr-2Mo-0.1Si (weight percent)",
abstract = "This work investigated the effect of nominal boron additions of 0.1, 0.4, and 1 wt pct on the intermediate-temperature (455 °C to 565 °C) tensile and tensile-creep deformation behavior of as-cast Ti-6Al-2Sn-4Zr-2Mo-0.1Si (wt pct) for applied stresses between 138 and 600 MPa. A 0.1 wt pct boron addition resulted in a refinement of the as-cast grain size from 550 to 75 μ m. Additional boron additions resulted in a less dramatic refinement of the as-cast grain size. Boron additions stabilized the orthorhombic TiB phase where the average TiB-phase volume percents were 0.7, 2.3, and 5.4 for the Ti-6Al-2Sn-4Zr-2Mo-0.1Si-0.1B (wt pct), Ti-6Al-2Sn-4Zr-2Mo-0.1Si-0.4B (wt pct), and Ti-6Al-2Sn-4Zr-2Mo-0.1Si-1B (wt pct) alloys, respectively. Overall, the boron additions did not have a dramatic effect on the creep behavior of Ti-6Al-2Sn-4Zr-2Mo-0.1Si, though the Ti-6Al-2Sn-4Zr-2Mo-0.1Si-1B (wt pct) alloy exhibited lower minimum creep rates than the baseline Ti-6Al-2Sn-4Zr-2Mo-0.1Si (wt pct) alloy. The sequence of surface deformation events during the elevated-temperature tensile deformation was characterized using in-situ experiments performed inside a scanning electron microscope. The TiB whisker microcracking occurred at stresses well below the global yield stress. Multiple and extensive TiB cracking occurred after global yielding. The α + β phase slip occurred after TiB whisker cracking.",
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AB - This work investigated the effect of nominal boron additions of 0.1, 0.4, and 1 wt pct on the intermediate-temperature (455 °C to 565 °C) tensile and tensile-creep deformation behavior of as-cast Ti-6Al-2Sn-4Zr-2Mo-0.1Si (wt pct) for applied stresses between 138 and 600 MPa. A 0.1 wt pct boron addition resulted in a refinement of the as-cast grain size from 550 to 75 μ m. Additional boron additions resulted in a less dramatic refinement of the as-cast grain size. Boron additions stabilized the orthorhombic TiB phase where the average TiB-phase volume percents were 0.7, 2.3, and 5.4 for the Ti-6Al-2Sn-4Zr-2Mo-0.1Si-0.1B (wt pct), Ti-6Al-2Sn-4Zr-2Mo-0.1Si-0.4B (wt pct), and Ti-6Al-2Sn-4Zr-2Mo-0.1Si-1B (wt pct) alloys, respectively. Overall, the boron additions did not have a dramatic effect on the creep behavior of Ti-6Al-2Sn-4Zr-2Mo-0.1Si, though the Ti-6Al-2Sn-4Zr-2Mo-0.1Si-1B (wt pct) alloy exhibited lower minimum creep rates than the baseline Ti-6Al-2Sn-4Zr-2Mo-0.1Si (wt pct) alloy. The sequence of surface deformation events during the elevated-temperature tensile deformation was characterized using in-situ experiments performed inside a scanning electron microscope. The TiB whisker microcracking occurred at stresses well below the global yield stress. Multiple and extensive TiB cracking occurred after global yielding. The α + β phase slip occurred after TiB whisker cracking.

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