Effect of fiber surface treatment of poultry feather fibers on the properties of their polymer matrix composites

M. S. Huda, W. F. Schmidt, M. Misra, L. T. Drzal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

This study develops the enabling technology needed to transform the fibers of poultry feather (FPF), a waste product left over after processing poultry in the food processing industry, as reinforcement filler material for manufacturing composite materials. We successfully fabricated composite materials from biopolymers (polylactide, PLA) and FPF that were produced by the extruder system. FPF-reinforced polypropylene (PP) composites were also compounded and molded and compared to PLA/FPF composite. The composites were evaluated via thermal and mechanical analysis. To enhance the adhesion between the polymer matrix and the FPF, the FPF have been treated with sodium hydroxide, 10% maleinized polybutadiene rubber, and a silane-coupling agent. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy was used to analyze the influence of modifications on the properties of fibers and found that the coupling agent was localized at the surface of the fibers. Thermal behavior of pretreated fibers was also studied by thermogravimetric analysis. All treatments clearly enhanced thermal performance of fibers. This enhancement of fiber properties, along with an improvement in fiber/matrix adhesion, led to improvement in the mechanical properties of the composite materials. It was found that the surface-treated fiber-reinforced materials offered superior mechanical properties compared to untreated fiber-reinforced composite materials. Moreover, morphological studies by the scanning electron microscopy demonstrated that better adhesion between the fiber and the matrix was achieved especially for the surface-treated fiber-reinforced composite materials.

LanguageEnglish (US)
Pages1117-1124
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Applied Polymer Science
Volume128
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 15 2013

Profile

Polymer matrix composites
Poultry
Surface treatment
Fibers
Composite materials
Fiber reinforced materials
Adhesion
Coupling agents
Silanes
Mechanical properties
Sodium Hydroxide
Food processing
Biopolymers
Polypropylenes
Polybutadienes
Rubber
Extruders
Polymer matrix
Thermogravimetric analysis
Fillers

Keywords

  • biofibers
  • biomaterials
  • biopolymers and renewable polymers
  • composites
  • processing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Chemistry(all)

Cite this

Effect of fiber surface treatment of poultry feather fibers on the properties of their polymer matrix composites. / Huda, M. S.; Schmidt, W. F.; Misra, M.; Drzal, L. T.

In: Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Vol. 128, No. 2, 15.04.2013, p. 1117-1124.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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