Family context and children's early literacy skills: The role of marriage quality and emotional expressiveness of mothers and fathers

Haruka Konishi, Laura C. Froyen, Lori E. Skibbe, Ryan P. Bowles

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Abstract

The marital relationship is critical for the emotional structure of the family and has implications for children's socioemotional and behavioral outcomes. However, little is known about the effect that the marital relationship has on children's academic achievement. The current study considers whether the family emotional environment and the home learning environment (HLE) that parents provide are mediators in the relation between marital functioning and preschool-aged children's early literacy skills. Results suggest that the marital relationship relates to children's early literacy skills through the influence of both positive and negative emotional expressiveness on the HLE. We also found that some of these family processes are different for mothers and fathers. The impact of the marital relationship on positive expressiveness and the effect of emotional expressiveness on HLE-related parenting were greater for fathers than mothers. These findings underscore the significance of marital and family processes when considering children's early literacy skills.

LanguageEnglish (US)
Pages183-192
Number of pages10
JournalEarly Childhood Research Quarterly
Volume42
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2018

Profile

Marriage
Fathers
Mothers
Literacy
father
marriage
literacy
Learning
learning environment
Parenting
Preschool Children
Parents
academic achievement
parents

Keywords

  • Early literacy
  • Emotional expressiveness
  • Marital quality
  • Mothers and fathers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science

Cite this

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