Issues related to pavement rehabilitation design options in the new mechanistic-empirical pavement design guide

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    Abstract

    Since, the DARWin-ME is expected to be implemented by State DOTs for rehabilitation and new pavements analysis and design in the near future, it is important to highlight the practical issues related to the execution of these options. Several issues were encountered while executing the DARWin-ME rehabilitation options. These concerns are related to structural and material characterization of the existing pavement conditions. More specifically, the issues are related to: (a) characterizing the existing PCC pavement structure for unbonded overlays, (b) modeling of the HMA interlayer for unbonded overlays, (c) using backcalculated subgrade MR, and (d) utilizing Falling Weigh Deflectometer (FWD) testing. Typical PCC elastic moduli for existing PCC layers range between 3 and 6 million psi. For unbonded overlays, the elastic modulus is used to characterize the existing PCC condition. However, a limiting value of 3 million psi is suggested by the developers of the DARWin-ME. Counter intuitive results were observed when higher values of elastic modulus were used to represent field conditions. It was also found that the asphalt interlayer structural and material properties have insignificant effect on the equivalent PCC slab thickness. Furthermore, the current performance models in the DARWin-ME are calibrated using backcalculated subgrade MR values. Generally, the values are much greater than ones used for AASHTO 93 designs. In addition, DOT's cannot use the AASHTO 93 MR values in the DARWin-ME directly because the values are internally reduced by the software. Finally, because of critical impact of existing pavement conditions on the rehabilitation design, use of FWD to characterize the existing pavement structure has become more important. This paper documents the above mentioned issues and their impacts on pavement performance. Moreover, remedies are discussed to ensure reliable and accurate results by using the DARWin-ME overlay options.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Title of host publicationT and DI Congress 2014: Planes, Trains, and Automobiles - Proceedings of the 2nd Transportation and Development Institute Congress
    PublisherAmerican Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE)
    Pages121-131
    Number of pages11
    ISBN (Print)9780784413586
    StatePublished - 2014
    Event2nd Transportation and Development Institute Congress - Planes, Trains, and Automobiles: Connections to Future Developments, T and DI 2014 - Orlando, United States

    Other

    Other2nd Transportation and Development Institute Congress - Planes, Trains, and Automobiles: Connections to Future Developments, T and DI 2014
    CountryUnited States
    CityOrlando
    Period6/8/146/11/14

    Profile

    Pavements
    Patient rehabilitation
    Elastic moduli
    Pavement overlays
    Asphalt
    Structural properties
    Materials properties
    Testing

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Civil and Structural Engineering
    • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
    • Mechanics of Materials

    Cite this

    Haider, S. W., Brink, W. C., Buch, N., & Chatti, K. (2014). Issues related to pavement rehabilitation design options in the new mechanistic-empirical pavement design guide. In T and DI Congress 2014: Planes, Trains, and Automobiles - Proceedings of the 2nd Transportation and Development Institute Congress (pp. 121-131). American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE).

    Issues related to pavement rehabilitation design options in the new mechanistic-empirical pavement design guide. / Haider, Syed W.; Brink, Wouter C.; Buch, Neeraj; Chatti, Karim.

    T and DI Congress 2014: Planes, Trains, and Automobiles - Proceedings of the 2nd Transportation and Development Institute Congress. American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), 2014. p. 121-131.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    Haider, SW, Brink, WC, Buch, N & Chatti, K 2014, Issues related to pavement rehabilitation design options in the new mechanistic-empirical pavement design guide. in T and DI Congress 2014: Planes, Trains, and Automobiles - Proceedings of the 2nd Transportation and Development Institute Congress. American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), pp. 121-131, 2nd Transportation and Development Institute Congress - Planes, Trains, and Automobiles: Connections to Future Developments, T and DI 2014, Orlando, United States, 8-11 June.
    Haider SW, Brink WC, Buch N, Chatti K. Issues related to pavement rehabilitation design options in the new mechanistic-empirical pavement design guide. In T and DI Congress 2014: Planes, Trains, and Automobiles - Proceedings of the 2nd Transportation and Development Institute Congress. American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE). 2014. p. 121-131.

    Haider, Syed W.; Brink, Wouter C.; Buch, Neeraj; Chatti, Karim / Issues related to pavement rehabilitation design options in the new mechanistic-empirical pavement design guide.

    T and DI Congress 2014: Planes, Trains, and Automobiles - Proceedings of the 2nd Transportation and Development Institute Congress. American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), 2014. p. 121-131.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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    abstract = "Since, the DARWin-ME is expected to be implemented by State DOTs for rehabilitation and new pavements analysis and design in the near future, it is important to highlight the practical issues related to the execution of these options. Several issues were encountered while executing the DARWin-ME rehabilitation options. These concerns are related to structural and material characterization of the existing pavement conditions. More specifically, the issues are related to: (a) characterizing the existing PCC pavement structure for unbonded overlays, (b) modeling of the HMA interlayer for unbonded overlays, (c) using backcalculated subgrade MR, and (d) utilizing Falling Weigh Deflectometer (FWD) testing. Typical PCC elastic moduli for existing PCC layers range between 3 and 6 million psi. For unbonded overlays, the elastic modulus is used to characterize the existing PCC condition. However, a limiting value of 3 million psi is suggested by the developers of the DARWin-ME. Counter intuitive results were observed when higher values of elastic modulus were used to represent field conditions. It was also found that the asphalt interlayer structural and material properties have insignificant effect on the equivalent PCC slab thickness. Furthermore, the current performance models in the DARWin-ME are calibrated using backcalculated subgrade MR values. Generally, the values are much greater than ones used for AASHTO 93 designs. In addition, DOT's cannot use the AASHTO 93 MR values in the DARWin-ME directly because the values are internally reduced by the software. Finally, because of critical impact of existing pavement conditions on the rehabilitation design, use of FWD to characterize the existing pavement structure has become more important. This paper documents the above mentioned issues and their impacts on pavement performance. Moreover, remedies are discussed to ensure reliable and accurate results by using the DARWin-ME overlay options.",
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