Linking plant biology and pretreatment: Understanding the structure and organization of the plant cell wall and interactions with cellulosic biofuel production

Rebecca Garlock Ong, Shishir P.S. Chundawat, David B. Hodge, Sai Keskar, Bruce E. Dale

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

  • 14 Citations

Abstract

In order to more economically process cellulosic feedstocks using a biochemical pathway for fuel production, it is necessary to develop a detailed understanding of plant cell wall characteristics, pretreatment reaction chemistry, and their complex interactions. However given the large number of thermochemical pretreatment methods that are currently being researched and the extreme diversity of plant cell wall structure and composition, this prospect is extremely challenging. Here we present the current state of research at the interface between plant biology and pretreatment chemistry. The first two sections discuss the chemistry of the secondary plant cell wall and how different pretreatment methods alter the overall cell wall structure. The third section addresses how the characteristics of the cell wall and pretreatment efficacy are impacted by different factors such as plant maturity, classification, and plant fraction. The fourth section summarizes current directions in the development of novel plant materials for improved biochemical conversion. And the final section discusses the use of chemical pretreatments as a screening and analysis tool for rapid identification of amenable plant materials, and for expansion of the fundamental understanding of plant cell walls.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationPlants and BioEnergy
PublisherSpringer New York
Pages231-253
Number of pages23
ISBN (Electronic)9781461493297
ISBN (Print)9781461493280
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

Profile

Biofuels
Plant Cells
Cell Communication
Cell Wall
pretreatment
cell walls
plant biology
chemistry
methodology
Plant Development
reaction chemistry
fuel production
feedstocks
biofuels
biochemical pathways
screening
taxonomy
plant identification

Keywords

  • Enzymatic digestibility
  • Lignocellulose
  • Plant breeding and transgenesis
  • Plant cell wall
  • Pretreatment chemistry
  • Screening tools

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

Cite this

Linking plant biology and pretreatment : Understanding the structure and organization of the plant cell wall and interactions with cellulosic biofuel production. / Ong, Rebecca Garlock; Chundawat, Shishir P.S.; Hodge, David B.; Keskar, Sai; Dale, Bruce E.

Plants and BioEnergy. Springer New York, 2014. p. 231-253.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Ong, Rebecca Garlock; Chundawat, Shishir P.S.; Hodge, David B.; Keskar, Sai; Dale, Bruce E. / Linking plant biology and pretreatment : Understanding the structure and organization of the plant cell wall and interactions with cellulosic biofuel production.

Plants and BioEnergy. Springer New York, 2014. p. 231-253.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

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