Microwave processing of chopped natural fiber composites and their thermal and morphological characterizations

Nikki Sgriccia, Martin C. Hawley, Manjusri Misra

    Research output: ResearchConference contribution

    Abstract

    Experiments have been performed to investigate the effectiveness of microwave curing of natural fiber reinforced composites. Industrial hemp, flax, kenaf, henequen and glass (15 weight percent) reinforced epoxy (diglycidyl ether of bisphenol-A (DGEBA) cured with diaminodiphenyl sulfone (DDS)) composites were studied. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and environmental scanning electron microscopy (ESEM) were used to investigate material properties. Samples were processed using both microwave and thermal curing for comparison. Several composites reached a greater final extent of cure with microwave curing. ESEM micrographs indicate a lack of bonding at the interfaces between the fibers and the matrix.

    LanguageEnglish (US)
    Title of host publicationAnnual Technical Conference - ANTEC, Conference Proceedings
    Pages143-147
    Number of pages5
    Volume4
    StatePublished - 2005
    EventSociety of Plastics Engineers Annual Technical Conference 2005, ANTEC 2005 - Boston, MA, United States
    Duration: May 1 2005May 5 2005

    Other

    OtherSociety of Plastics Engineers Annual Technical Conference 2005, ANTEC 2005
    CountryUnited States
    CityBoston, MA
    Period5/1/055/5/05

    Profile

    Natural fibers
    Curing
    Microwaves
    Composite materials
    Processing
    Hot Temperature
    Scanning electron microscopy
    Hemp
    Flax
    Thermogravimetric analysis
    Differential scanning calorimetry
    Ethers
    Materials properties
    Glass
    Fibers
    Experiments

    Keywords

    • DSC
    • Epoxy
    • Microwave processing
    • Natural fibers

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Engineering(all)

    Cite this

    Sgriccia, N., Hawley, M. C., & Misra, M. (2005). Microwave processing of chopped natural fiber composites and their thermal and morphological characterizations. In Annual Technical Conference - ANTEC, Conference Proceedings (Vol. 4, pp. 143-147)

    Microwave processing of chopped natural fiber composites and their thermal and morphological characterizations. / Sgriccia, Nikki; Hawley, Martin C.; Misra, Manjusri.

    Annual Technical Conference - ANTEC, Conference Proceedings. Vol. 4 2005. p. 143-147.

    Research output: ResearchConference contribution

    Sgriccia, N, Hawley, MC & Misra, M 2005, Microwave processing of chopped natural fiber composites and their thermal and morphological characterizations. in Annual Technical Conference - ANTEC, Conference Proceedings. vol. 4, pp. 143-147, Society of Plastics Engineers Annual Technical Conference 2005, ANTEC 2005, Boston, MA, United States, 5/1/05.
    Sgriccia N, Hawley MC, Misra M. Microwave processing of chopped natural fiber composites and their thermal and morphological characterizations. In Annual Technical Conference - ANTEC, Conference Proceedings. Vol. 4. 2005. p. 143-147.
    Sgriccia, Nikki ; Hawley, Martin C. ; Misra, Manjusri. / Microwave processing of chopped natural fiber composites and their thermal and morphological characterizations. Annual Technical Conference - ANTEC, Conference Proceedings. Vol. 4 2005. pp. 143-147
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