Modulation of dendritic patterns during electrodeposition: A nonlinear phase-field model

Lei Chen, Hao Wei Zhang, Lin Yun Liang, Zhe Liu, Yue Qi, Peng Lu, James Chen, Long Qing Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  • 20 Citations

Abstract

A nonlinear phase-field model, accounting for the Butler-Volmer electrochemical reaction kinetics, is developed to investigate the dendritic patterns during an electrodeposition process. Using lithium electrodeposition as an example, the proposed model is first verified by comparison with the Nernst equation in a 1D equilibrium system. The nonlinear electrochemical kinetics is also confirmed at non-equilibrium condition. The dendritic patterns are examined as a function of applied voltage and initial electrode surface morphology. A design map is proposed to tailor the electrode surface morphology and the applied voltage to avoid undesired dendritic patterns.

LanguageEnglish (US)
Pages376-385
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Volume300
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 30 2015

Profile

Electrodeposition
electrodeposition
Surface morphology
Modulation
modulation
Electrodes
Electric potential
Lithium
Reaction kinetics
nonequilibrium conditions
electrodes
electric potential
Kinetics
reaction kinetics
lithium
kinetics

Keywords

  • Dendrite
  • Electrodeposition
  • Lithium-ion battery
  • Phase-field model

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Chen, L., Zhang, H. W., Liang, L. Y., Liu, Z., Qi, Y., Lu, P., ... Chen, L. Q. (2015). Modulation of dendritic patterns during electrodeposition: A nonlinear phase-field model. Journal of Power Sources, 300, 376-385. DOI: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2015.09.055

Modulation of dendritic patterns during electrodeposition : A nonlinear phase-field model. / Chen, Lei; Zhang, Hao Wei; Liang, Lin Yun; Liu, Zhe; Qi, Yue; Lu, Peng; Chen, James; Chen, Long Qing.

In: Journal of Power Sources, Vol. 300, 30.12.2015, p. 376-385.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Chen, L, Zhang, HW, Liang, LY, Liu, Z, Qi, Y, Lu, P, Chen, J & Chen, LQ 2015, 'Modulation of dendritic patterns during electrodeposition: A nonlinear phase-field model' Journal of Power Sources, vol 300, pp. 376-385. DOI: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2015.09.055
Chen, Lei ; Zhang, Hao Wei ; Liang, Lin Yun ; Liu, Zhe ; Qi, Yue ; Lu, Peng ; Chen, James ; Chen, Long Qing. / Modulation of dendritic patterns during electrodeposition : A nonlinear phase-field model. In: Journal of Power Sources. 2015 ; Vol. 300. pp. 376-385
@article{cef4b9c95b3b400e95dc3691691a83c1,
title = "Modulation of dendritic patterns during electrodeposition: A nonlinear phase-field model",
abstract = "A nonlinear phase-field model, accounting for the Butler-Volmer electrochemical reaction kinetics, is developed to investigate the dendritic patterns during an electrodeposition process. Using lithium electrodeposition as an example, the proposed model is first verified by comparison with the Nernst equation in a 1D equilibrium system. The nonlinear electrochemical kinetics is also confirmed at non-equilibrium condition. The dendritic patterns are examined as a function of applied voltage and initial electrode surface morphology. A design map is proposed to tailor the electrode surface morphology and the applied voltage to avoid undesired dendritic patterns.",
keywords = "Dendrite, Electrodeposition, Lithium-ion battery, Phase-field model",
author = "Lei Chen and Zhang, {Hao Wei} and Liang, {Lin Yun} and Zhe Liu and Yue Qi and Peng Lu and James Chen and Chen, {Long Qing}",
year = "2015",
month = "12",
day = "30",
doi = "10.1016/j.jpowsour.2015.09.055",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "300",
pages = "376--385",
journal = "Journal of Power Sources",
issn = "0378-7753",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Modulation of dendritic patterns during electrodeposition

T2 - Journal of Power Sources

AU - Chen,Lei

AU - Zhang,Hao Wei

AU - Liang,Lin Yun

AU - Liu,Zhe

AU - Qi,Yue

AU - Lu,Peng

AU - Chen,James

AU - Chen,Long Qing

PY - 2015/12/30

Y1 - 2015/12/30

N2 - A nonlinear phase-field model, accounting for the Butler-Volmer electrochemical reaction kinetics, is developed to investigate the dendritic patterns during an electrodeposition process. Using lithium electrodeposition as an example, the proposed model is first verified by comparison with the Nernst equation in a 1D equilibrium system. The nonlinear electrochemical kinetics is also confirmed at non-equilibrium condition. The dendritic patterns are examined as a function of applied voltage and initial electrode surface morphology. A design map is proposed to tailor the electrode surface morphology and the applied voltage to avoid undesired dendritic patterns.

AB - A nonlinear phase-field model, accounting for the Butler-Volmer electrochemical reaction kinetics, is developed to investigate the dendritic patterns during an electrodeposition process. Using lithium electrodeposition as an example, the proposed model is first verified by comparison with the Nernst equation in a 1D equilibrium system. The nonlinear electrochemical kinetics is also confirmed at non-equilibrium condition. The dendritic patterns are examined as a function of applied voltage and initial electrode surface morphology. A design map is proposed to tailor the electrode surface morphology and the applied voltage to avoid undesired dendritic patterns.

KW - Dendrite

KW - Electrodeposition

KW - Lithium-ion battery

KW - Phase-field model

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84943159716&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84943159716&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2015.09.055

DO - 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2015.09.055

M3 - Article

VL - 300

SP - 376

EP - 385

JO - Journal of Power Sources

JF - Journal of Power Sources

SN - 0378-7753

ER -