Moisture curable toughened poly(lactide) utilizing vinyltrimethoxysilane based crosslinks

J. Schneider, K. Bourque, R. Narayan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  • 1 Citations

Abstract

Vinyltrimethoxysilane (VTMOS) was grafted on to the backbone of poly(lactide) (PLA) through a free radical grafting reaction using reactive extrusion (REX) processing. The methoxy groups of the silane provide the modified PLA sites for crosslinking through a moisture induced pathway. VTMOS grafting efficiencies of up to 90% were obtained. The newly created methoxy functionality of the modified PLA readily undergoes hydrolysis and condensation forming siloxane crosslinks in the material. Crosslinking with VTMOS exhibited improved modulus, strength, and impact toughness while showing a decrease in ductility. Incorporating silanol-terminated poly(dimethylsiloxane) (OH-PDMS) resulted in the formation of longer siloxane crosslinks. These samples showed an increase in modulus and impact toughness due to the crosslinking, while the longer siloxane linkages resulted in improved ductility and tensile toughness. This is unusual for polymers toughened through crosslinking reactions. Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) of the fractured surfaces showed the presence of these elongated siloxane crosslinks. This enhanced ability for the modified PLA to deform and absorb energy results in the increase in both impact and tensile toughness.

LanguageEnglish (US)
Pages799-809
Number of pages11
JournalExpress Polymer Letters
Volume10
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2016

Profile

Siloxanes
siloxanes
crosslinking
toughness
moisture
Crosslinking
Moisture
ductility
Toughness
Ductility
Fracture toughness
Silanes
Polydimethylsiloxane
Free radicals
linkages
silanes
free radicals
Free Radicals
Extrusion
hydrolysis

Keywords

  • Biodegradable polymers
  • Free radical grafting
  • Moisture induced crosslinking
  • PLA
  • Reactive extrusion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Cite this

Moisture curable toughened poly(lactide) utilizing vinyltrimethoxysilane based crosslinks. / Schneider, J.; Bourque, K.; Narayan, R.

In: Express Polymer Letters, Vol. 10, No. 10, 01.10.2016, p. 799-809.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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