Nano-deposition on 3-D open-cell aluminum foam materials for improved energy absorption capacity

Wei Wang, Rigoberto Burgueño, Jung Wuk Hong, Ilsoon Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  • 13 Citations

Abstract

Open cell aluminum (Al) foams have been used as energy absorbers for decades. Their energy absorption capacity can be enhanced by thickening the foam struts, or increasing the foam's relative density. However, the enhancement is compromised by the inherent characteristics of its stress-strain property relationship, whereby upon homogeneous strut thickening, an increase in the plateau stress without a reduction in densification strain cannot be achieved. In this work, to overcome this inherent barrier, nano-crystalline copper (Cu) was deposited onto the Al foam and novel 3-D Cu/Al, heterogeneously thickened, composite foam structured materials were fabricated and tested for the first time. A non-cyanide nano-crystalline copper electro-deposition system was setup for the coating of open-cell Al foam, and, the energy absorption capacity as a function of foam pore size and Cu coating thickness was investigated. A variety of characterization methods confirmed the nano-crystalline structure of the Cu deposition (38. nm). The energy absorption capacity of Al foams (with average strut thickness of 192 μm) reinforced with a 60 μm Cu coating was 3 times greater than that of plain foams. The compressive stress-strain response of the composite samples showed no significant reduction of the densification strain compared to the uncoated foams due to the small change in the foam strut thickness and pore size. A comparison between thin Cu-coated and uncoated Al foam samples with the same overall strut thickness (i.e., same effective volume density and porosity) showed that the nano-reinforced foams had superior energy absorption capacity over plain foams with the same overall thickness, (~2 times greater).

LanguageEnglish (US)
Pages75-82
Number of pages8
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering A
Volume572
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 10 2013

Profile

energy absorption
Energy absorption
Aluminum
foams
Foams
aluminum
cells
struts
Struts
densification
Crystalline materials
porosity
plains
Densification
coatings
Coatings
Pore size
Copper
copper
nanostructure (characteristics)

Keywords

  • 3-D electro-deposition
  • Energy absorption capacity
  • Nano-crystalline
  • Open-cell foam

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials

Cite this

Nano-deposition on 3-D open-cell aluminum foam materials for improved energy absorption capacity. / Wang, Wei; Burgueño, Rigoberto; Hong, Jung Wuk; Lee, Ilsoon.

In: Materials Science and Engineering A, Vol. 572, 10.06.2013, p. 75-82.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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