Nanostructured materials for catalytic conversion of biomass into commodity chemicals

Sherine O. Obare, Rui Lin, Robert Y. Ofoli

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Bimetallic nanoparticles have gained much interest due to their importance in advanced technological applications. The development of new organic ligands for nanoparticle stabilization has provided advantages toward obtaining well-defined bimetallic nanoparticles with controlled morphology. Electrochemical, spectroscopic and x-ray techniques, as well as electron microscopy were used to characterize the nanoparticles. These bimetallic nanoparticles have shown distinct reactivity relative to their monometallic counterparts for select hydrogenation reactions. We demonstrate the efficiency of the bimetallic nanoparticles as effective catalysts for conversion of organic acids and esters into commodity chemicals. We have studied the stability of the nanoparticles under aqueous phase reaction conditions and assessed the effectiveness of the catalysts in select biomass conversions. The functionalization of the metallic and bimetallic nanoparticles with molecular catalysts further allowed optimization of specific reactions with high selectivity. The presentation will demonstrate that metallic and bimetallic nanoparticles offer the robustness for repeated use, and ability to withstand restructuring in aqueous environments.

LanguageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationACS National Meeting Book of Abstracts
StatePublished - 2011
Event242nd ACS National Meeting and Exposition - Denver, CO, United States
Duration: Aug 28 2011Sep 1 2011

Other

Other242nd ACS National Meeting and Exposition
CountryUnited States
CityDenver, CO
Period8/28/119/1/11

Profile

Nanostructured materials
Biomass
Nanoparticles
Catalysts
Organic acids
Electron microscopy
Hydrogenation
Esters
Stabilization
Ligands
X rays

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Cite this

Obare, S. O., Lin, R., & Ofoli, R. Y. (2011). Nanostructured materials for catalytic conversion of biomass into commodity chemicals. In ACS National Meeting Book of Abstracts

Nanostructured materials for catalytic conversion of biomass into commodity chemicals. / Obare, Sherine O.; Lin, Rui; Ofoli, Robert Y.

ACS National Meeting Book of Abstracts. 2011.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Obare, SO, Lin, R & Ofoli, RY 2011, Nanostructured materials for catalytic conversion of biomass into commodity chemicals. in ACS National Meeting Book of Abstracts. 242nd ACS National Meeting and Exposition, Denver, CO, United States, 8/28/11.
Obare SO, Lin R, Ofoli RY. Nanostructured materials for catalytic conversion of biomass into commodity chemicals. In ACS National Meeting Book of Abstracts. 2011.
Obare, Sherine O. ; Lin, Rui ; Ofoli, Robert Y./ Nanostructured materials for catalytic conversion of biomass into commodity chemicals. ACS National Meeting Book of Abstracts. 2011.
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