Phytochemical investigation and total antioxidant potential of the milky mushroom, Calocybe Indica Var. APK2 cultivated in Tamilnadu, India

R. Sumathy, R. Kumuthakalavalli, A. S. Krishnamoorthy, Venkatesh Balan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Phytochemicals of mushrooms are nutritionally functional and a source of physiologically beneficial medicines. In the present study, crude hot water; cold water extracts of Calocybe indica was qualitatively screened for the presence of phytochemicals. Hot water extracts showed the presence of many phytochemicals like polysaccharide, phenol, flavonoids, alkaloid, terpenoid and saponin when compared to that of the cold water extract. The hot water extracts were further analysed for their antioxidant activity through in vitro studies using reducing power, DPPH, superoxide, hydroxyl, hydrogen per oxide radical scavenging, Β-carotene and linoleate leaching and lipid peroxidation assays. All the assays were carried out with the concentration of extracts ranging from 20μg/ml to 100 μg/ml, all the tested assays revealed the significant antioxidant activity from 15-86%. These results provide evidence that the hot water extracts of C. indica might indeed be a potential source of natural antioxidant which could be utilized in diet to quench the free radicals produced in the body.

LanguageEnglish (US)
PagesP485-P497
JournalInternational Journal of Pharma and Bio Sciences
Volume6
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2015

Profile

Agaricales
Phytochemicals
India
Antioxidants
Water
Assays
Scavenging
Terpenes
Saponins
Linoleic Acid
Carotenoids
Nutrition
Phenol
Alkaloids
Flavonoids
Superoxides
Hydroxyl Radical
Oxides
Leaching
Medicine

Keywords

  • Free radicals
  • Lipid peroxidation
  • Reducing power
  • Β-carotene linoleate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Biotechnology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Phytochemical investigation and total antioxidant potential of the milky mushroom, Calocybe Indica Var. APK2 cultivated in Tamilnadu, India. / Sumathy, R.; Kumuthakalavalli, R.; Krishnamoorthy, A. S.; Balan, Venkatesh.

In: International Journal of Pharma and Bio Sciences, Vol. 6, No. 2, 2015, p. P485-P497.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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