Plastic waste inputs from land into the ocean

Jenna R. Jambeck, Roland Geyer, Chris Wilcox, Theodore R. Siegler, Miriam Perryman, Anthony Andrady, Ramani Narayan, Kara Lavender Law

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    • 352 Citations

    Abstract

    Plastic debris in the marine environment is widely documented, but the quantity of plastic entering the ocean from waste generated on land is unknown. By linking worldwide data on solid waste, population density, and economic status, we estimated the mass of land-based plastic waste entering the ocean. We calculate that 275 million metric tons (MT) of plastic waste was generated in 192 coastal countries in 2010, with 4.8 to 12.7 million MT entering the ocean. Population size and the quality of waste management systems largely determine which countries contribute the greatest mass of uncaptured waste available to become plastic marine debris. Without waste management infrastructure improvements, the cumulative quantity of plastic waste available to enter the ocean from land is predicted to increase by an order of magnitude by 2025.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)768-771
    Number of pages4
    JournalScience
    Volume347
    Issue number6223
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Feb 13 2015

    Profile

    Oceans and Seas
    Plastics
    Waste Management
    Population Density
    Solid Waste
    Economics

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • General
    • Medicine(all)

    Cite this

    Jambeck, J. R., Geyer, R., Wilcox, C., Siegler, T. R., Perryman, M., Andrady, A., ... Law, K. L. (2015). Plastic waste inputs from land into the ocean. Science, 347(6223), 768-771. DOI: 10.1126/science.1260352

    Plastic waste inputs from land into the ocean. / Jambeck, Jenna R.; Geyer, Roland; Wilcox, Chris; Siegler, Theodore R.; Perryman, Miriam; Andrady, Anthony; Narayan, Ramani; Law, Kara Lavender.

    In: Science, Vol. 347, No. 6223, 13.02.2015, p. 768-771.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Jambeck, JR, Geyer, R, Wilcox, C, Siegler, TR, Perryman, M, Andrady, A, Narayan, R & Law, KL 2015, 'Plastic waste inputs from land into the ocean' Science, vol 347, no. 6223, pp. 768-771. DOI: 10.1126/science.1260352
    Jambeck JR, Geyer R, Wilcox C, Siegler TR, Perryman M, Andrady A et al. Plastic waste inputs from land into the ocean. Science. 2015 Feb 13;347(6223):768-771. Available from, DOI: 10.1126/science.1260352

    Jambeck, Jenna R.; Geyer, Roland; Wilcox, Chris; Siegler, Theodore R.; Perryman, Miriam; Andrady, Anthony; Narayan, Ramani; Law, Kara Lavender / Plastic waste inputs from land into the ocean.

    In: Science, Vol. 347, No. 6223, 13.02.2015, p. 768-771.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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