Plastic waste inputs from land into the ocean

Jenna R. Jambeck, Roland Geyer, Chris Wilcox, Theodore R. Siegler, Miriam Perryman, Anthony Andrady, Ramani Narayan, Kara Lavender Law

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  • 610 Citations

Abstract

Plastic debris in the marine environment is widely documented, but the quantity of plastic entering the ocean from waste generated on land is unknown. By linking worldwide data on solid waste, population density, and economic status, we estimated the mass of land-based plastic waste entering the ocean. We calculate that 275 million metric tons (MT) of plastic waste was generated in 192 coastal countries in 2010, with 4.8 to 12.7 million MT entering the ocean. Population size and the quality of waste management systems largely determine which countries contribute the greatest mass of uncaptured waste available to become plastic marine debris. Without waste management infrastructure improvements, the cumulative quantity of plastic waste available to enter the ocean from land is predicted to increase by an order of magnitude by 2025.

LanguageEnglish (US)
Pages768-771
Number of pages4
JournalScience
Volume347
Issue number6223
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 13 2015

Profile

Oceans and Seas
Plastics
Waste Management
Population Density
Solid Waste
Economics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Jambeck, J. R., Geyer, R., Wilcox, C., Siegler, T. R., Perryman, M., Andrady, A., ... Law, K. L. (2015). Plastic waste inputs from land into the ocean. Science, 347(6223), 768-771. DOI: 10.1126/science.1260352

Plastic waste inputs from land into the ocean. / Jambeck, Jenna R.; Geyer, Roland; Wilcox, Chris; Siegler, Theodore R.; Perryman, Miriam; Andrady, Anthony; Narayan, Ramani; Law, Kara Lavender.

In: Science, Vol. 347, No. 6223, 13.02.2015, p. 768-771.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Jambeck, JR, Geyer, R, Wilcox, C, Siegler, TR, Perryman, M, Andrady, A, Narayan, R & Law, KL 2015, 'Plastic waste inputs from land into the ocean' Science, vol 347, no. 6223, pp. 768-771. DOI: 10.1126/science.1260352
Jambeck JR, Geyer R, Wilcox C, Siegler TR, Perryman M, Andrady A et al. Plastic waste inputs from land into the ocean. Science. 2015 Feb 13;347(6223):768-771. Available from, DOI: 10.1126/science.1260352
Jambeck, Jenna R. ; Geyer, Roland ; Wilcox, Chris ; Siegler, Theodore R. ; Perryman, Miriam ; Andrady, Anthony ; Narayan, Ramani ; Law, Kara Lavender. / Plastic waste inputs from land into the ocean. In: Science. 2015 ; Vol. 347, No. 6223. pp. 768-771
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