Reaction kinetics for the heterogeneously catalyzed esterification of succinic acid with ethanol

Aspi K. Kolah, Navinchandra S. Asthana, Dung T. Vu, Carl T. Lira, Dennis J. Miller

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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    Abstract

    The reaction kinetics of the reversible esterification reaction of succinic acid with ethanol to form monoethyl and diethyl succinate are presented. The reaction was studied in batch isothermal experiments catalyzed by macroporous Amberlyst-15 ion-exchange resin. Experimental data were obtained between 78 and 120 °C at different mole ratios of ethanol to succinic acid and at ion-exchange resin catalyst concentrations from 1 to 5 wt % of solution. Kinetic modeling was performed using a pseudohomogeneous mole fraction model which acceptably fits the experimental data. The kinetic model is useful for the design and simulation of processes such as reactive distillation for diethyl succinate formation.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)5313-5317
    Number of pages5
    JournalIndustrial and Engineering Chemistry Research
    Volume47
    Issue number15
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Aug 6 2008

    Profile

    ethanol
    acid
    Ethanol
    Acids
    Esterification
    Succinic Acid
    reaction kinetics
    resin
    ion exchange
    kinetics
    Ion exchange resins
    Reaction kinetics
    Kinetics
    Anthralin
    Benin
    Chronic Hepatitis
    Ion Exchange Resins
    distillation
    catalyst
    modeling

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Polymers and Plastics
    • Environmental Science(all)
    • Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)

    Cite this

    Reaction kinetics for the heterogeneously catalyzed esterification of succinic acid with ethanol. / Kolah, Aspi K.; Asthana, Navinchandra S.; Vu, Dung T.; Lira, Carl T.; Miller, Dennis J.

    In: Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research, Vol. 47, No. 15, 06.08.2008, p. 5313-5317.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Kolah, Aspi K.; Asthana, Navinchandra S.; Vu, Dung T.; Lira, Carl T.; Miller, Dennis J. / Reaction kinetics for the heterogeneously catalyzed esterification of succinic acid with ethanol.

    In: Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research, Vol. 47, No. 15, 06.08.2008, p. 5313-5317.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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    AB - The reaction kinetics of the reversible esterification reaction of succinic acid with ethanol to form monoethyl and diethyl succinate are presented. The reaction was studied in batch isothermal experiments catalyzed by macroporous Amberlyst-15 ion-exchange resin. Experimental data were obtained between 78 and 120 °C at different mole ratios of ethanol to succinic acid and at ion-exchange resin catalyst concentrations from 1 to 5 wt % of solution. Kinetic modeling was performed using a pseudohomogeneous mole fraction model which acceptably fits the experimental data. The kinetic model is useful for the design and simulation of processes such as reactive distillation for diethyl succinate formation.

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