Role of clays in fouling-resistant clay-embedded polyelectrolyte multilayer membranes for wastewater effluent treatment

Joung Sook Hong, Jing Yu, Ilsoon Lee

    Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

    Abstract

    This study aimed to investigate the effects of cation exchange capacity (CEC) and location of clay nanoplatelets on the structure and performance of clay-embedded polyelectrolyte multilayer (c-PEM) membranes for wastewater effluent treatment. Two kinds of clay nanoplatelets, montmorillonite and kaolin, were deposited on the ultrafiltration membrane by employing layer-by-layer (LbL) assembly with poly(allylamine hydrochloride) (PAH) and poly(acrylic acid) (PAA). Negatively charged clay platelets or PAA interacted with positively charged PAH to form a bilayer in the c-PEM membrane. The filtration effect of clay platelets was successively distinguished from PEM by reducing the number of (PAH/PAA) bilayers from four to one, while keeping the clay layer at the outermost layer of assembly. When the clay platelets were deposited only as the outermost layer of the LbL multilayers, the c-PEM membrane with one clay layer and one bilayer assembly showed significant flux barrier and fouling resistance. Clay platelets as the outermost layer physically increased the flow path length and decreased the number of pores, as well as effectively blocked the organic contaminants in the wastewater. Meanwhile, when the clay layer was embedded in the middle of the PEM, the synergistic effect of clay platelets and PEM for wastewater treatment was difficult to obtain because the presence of clay platelets defected the buildup of fully interdigitated c-PEM and the adsorption of clay platelets was decreased. For the clays having low CEC, a higher number of LbL multilayers were required to deposit the clay platelets and to improve the performance of membrane. The high CEC clays (montmorillonite) turned out to be better than the low CEC clays (kaolin) in the structure and performance of the c-PEM membrane for wastewater effluent treatment.

    LanguageEnglish (US)
    Pages1-12
    Number of pages12
    JournalSeparation Science and Technology (Philadelphia)
    DOIs
    StateAccepted/In press - May 28 2017

    Profile

    Effluent treatment
    Fouling
    Polyelectrolytes
    Multilayers
    Clay
    Wastewater
    Membranes
    clay
    Platelets
    Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons
    Ion exchange
    Positive ions
    Cations
    Acrylics
    Acids
    carbopol 940
    Kaolin
    Clay minerals
    Bentonite

    Keywords

    • Clay
    • filtration
    • flux barrier
    • fouling resistance
    • layer-by-layer
    • polyelectrolyte multilayer
    • wastewater treatment

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Chemistry(all)
    • Chemical Engineering(all)
    • Process Chemistry and Technology
    • Filtration and Separation

    Cite this

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    title = "Role of clays in fouling-resistant clay-embedded polyelectrolyte multilayer membranes for wastewater effluent treatment",
    abstract = "This study aimed to investigate the effects of cation exchange capacity (CEC) and location of clay nanoplatelets on the structure and performance of clay-embedded polyelectrolyte multilayer (c-PEM) membranes for wastewater effluent treatment. Two kinds of clay nanoplatelets, montmorillonite and kaolin, were deposited on the ultrafiltration membrane by employing layer-by-layer (LbL) assembly with poly(allylamine hydrochloride) (PAH) and poly(acrylic acid) (PAA). Negatively charged clay platelets or PAA interacted with positively charged PAH to form a bilayer in the c-PEM membrane. The filtration effect of clay platelets was successively distinguished from PEM by reducing the number of (PAH/PAA) bilayers from four to one, while keeping the clay layer at the outermost layer of assembly. When the clay platelets were deposited only as the outermost layer of the LbL multilayers, the c-PEM membrane with one clay layer and one bilayer assembly showed significant flux barrier and fouling resistance. Clay platelets as the outermost layer physically increased the flow path length and decreased the number of pores, as well as effectively blocked the organic contaminants in the wastewater. Meanwhile, when the clay layer was embedded in the middle of the PEM, the synergistic effect of clay platelets and PEM for wastewater treatment was difficult to obtain because the presence of clay platelets defected the buildup of fully interdigitated c-PEM and the adsorption of clay platelets was decreased. For the clays having low CEC, a higher number of LbL multilayers were required to deposit the clay platelets and to improve the performance of membrane. The high CEC clays (montmorillonite) turned out to be better than the low CEC clays (kaolin) in the structure and performance of the c-PEM membrane for wastewater effluent treatment.",
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    author = "Hong, {Joung Sook} and Jing Yu and Ilsoon Lee",
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    AB - This study aimed to investigate the effects of cation exchange capacity (CEC) and location of clay nanoplatelets on the structure and performance of clay-embedded polyelectrolyte multilayer (c-PEM) membranes for wastewater effluent treatment. Two kinds of clay nanoplatelets, montmorillonite and kaolin, were deposited on the ultrafiltration membrane by employing layer-by-layer (LbL) assembly with poly(allylamine hydrochloride) (PAH) and poly(acrylic acid) (PAA). Negatively charged clay platelets or PAA interacted with positively charged PAH to form a bilayer in the c-PEM membrane. The filtration effect of clay platelets was successively distinguished from PEM by reducing the number of (PAH/PAA) bilayers from four to one, while keeping the clay layer at the outermost layer of assembly. When the clay platelets were deposited only as the outermost layer of the LbL multilayers, the c-PEM membrane with one clay layer and one bilayer assembly showed significant flux barrier and fouling resistance. Clay platelets as the outermost layer physically increased the flow path length and decreased the number of pores, as well as effectively blocked the organic contaminants in the wastewater. Meanwhile, when the clay layer was embedded in the middle of the PEM, the synergistic effect of clay platelets and PEM for wastewater treatment was difficult to obtain because the presence of clay platelets defected the buildup of fully interdigitated c-PEM and the adsorption of clay platelets was decreased. For the clays having low CEC, a higher number of LbL multilayers were required to deposit the clay platelets and to improve the performance of membrane. The high CEC clays (montmorillonite) turned out to be better than the low CEC clays (kaolin) in the structure and performance of the c-PEM membrane for wastewater effluent treatment.

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