Synthesis of long and well-aligned carbon nanotubes

Shuangjie Zhou, Shengxi Zuo, David Grummon, Xuemei Liang, Jes Asmussen, Martin C. Hawley, Yijun Zhang

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    Abstract

    Carbon nanotubes were synthesized with a microwave plasma chemical vapor deposition method using nickel as catalyst. A gas mixture of methane and hydrogen was used. The alignment and length of the synthesized nanotubes were studied with Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM). With a specially designed process, we obtained dense and vertically aligned nanotubes with length up to 250 micrometers within 20 minutes of growth at temperatures between 650°C and 700°C. The diameters of the nanotubes are in the range of 40 to 70nm, determined with Transmission Electron Microscope (TEM). The nanotubes that we synthesized are not completely hollow and are separated into many nano-compartments by curved platelets. The very large aspect ratio (length/diameter) and the fine alignment of the cluster nanotubes are the important features of our process. These features are expected to be very beneficial for applications such as polymer reinforcement.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Title of host publicationInternational SAMPE Symposium and Exhibition (Proceedings)
    Pages2463-2470
    Number of pages8
    Volume49
    StatePublished - 2004
    Event49th International SAMPE Symposium and Exhibition: Materials and Processing Technology - 60 Years of SAMPE Progress, SAMPE 2004 - Long Beach, CA, United States

    Other

    Other49th International SAMPE Symposium and Exhibition: Materials and Processing Technology - 60 Years of SAMPE Progress, SAMPE 2004
    CountryUnited States
    CityLong Beach, CA
    Period5/16/045/20/04

    Profile

    Cholera
    Nanotubes
    Antitubercular Agents
    Electron microscopes
    Carbon nanotubes
    Acetanilides
    Erythrasma
    Benzyl Compounds
    Afferent Loop Syndrome
    Callosities
    Peptidyl Transferases
    Pure-Tone Audiometry
    Cyanoacrylates
    Cerebellar Ataxia
    Transaminases
    Gas mixtures
    Chemical vapor deposition
    Microwaves
    Scanning
    Platelets

    Keywords

    • Carbon Nanotubes
    • Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD)
    • Microwave Plasma

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Building and Construction
    • Chemical Engineering(all)
    • Polymers and Plastics
    • Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)

    Cite this

    Zhou, S., Zuo, S., Grummon, D., Liang, X., Asmussen, J., Hawley, M. C., & Zhang, Y. (2004). Synthesis of long and well-aligned carbon nanotubes. In International SAMPE Symposium and Exhibition (Proceedings) (Vol. 49, pp. 2463-2470)

    Synthesis of long and well-aligned carbon nanotubes. / Zhou, Shuangjie; Zuo, Shengxi; Grummon, David; Liang, Xuemei; Asmussen, Jes; Hawley, Martin C.; Zhang, Yijun.

    International SAMPE Symposium and Exhibition (Proceedings). Vol. 49 2004. p. 2463-2470.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    Zhou, S, Zuo, S, Grummon, D, Liang, X, Asmussen, J, Hawley, MC & Zhang, Y 2004, Synthesis of long and well-aligned carbon nanotubes. in International SAMPE Symposium and Exhibition (Proceedings). vol. 49, pp. 2463-2470, 49th International SAMPE Symposium and Exhibition: Materials and Processing Technology - 60 Years of SAMPE Progress, SAMPE 2004, Long Beach, CA, United States, 16-20 May.
    Zhou S, Zuo S, Grummon D, Liang X, Asmussen J, Hawley MC et al. Synthesis of long and well-aligned carbon nanotubes. In International SAMPE Symposium and Exhibition (Proceedings). Vol. 49. 2004. p. 2463-2470.

    Zhou, Shuangjie; Zuo, Shengxi; Grummon, David; Liang, Xuemei; Asmussen, Jes; Hawley, Martin C.; Zhang, Yijun / Synthesis of long and well-aligned carbon nanotubes.

    International SAMPE Symposium and Exhibition (Proceedings). Vol. 49 2004. p. 2463-2470.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    @inbook{39b2f18efd654910a1de30d240605378,
    title = "Synthesis of long and well-aligned carbon nanotubes",
    abstract = "Carbon nanotubes were synthesized with a microwave plasma chemical vapor deposition method using nickel as catalyst. A gas mixture of methane and hydrogen was used. The alignment and length of the synthesized nanotubes were studied with Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM). With a specially designed process, we obtained dense and vertically aligned nanotubes with length up to 250 micrometers within 20 minutes of growth at temperatures between 650°C and 700°C. The diameters of the nanotubes are in the range of 40 to 70nm, determined with Transmission Electron Microscope (TEM). The nanotubes that we synthesized are not completely hollow and are separated into many nano-compartments by curved platelets. The very large aspect ratio (length/diameter) and the fine alignment of the cluster nanotubes are the important features of our process. These features are expected to be very beneficial for applications such as polymer reinforcement.",
    keywords = "Carbon Nanotubes, Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD), Microwave Plasma",
    author = "Shuangjie Zhou and Shengxi Zuo and David Grummon and Xuemei Liang and Jes Asmussen and Hawley, {Martin C.} and Yijun Zhang",
    year = "2004",
    volume = "49",
    pages = "2463--2470",
    booktitle = "International SAMPE Symposium and Exhibition (Proceedings)",

    }

    TY - CHAP

    T1 - Synthesis of long and well-aligned carbon nanotubes

    AU - Zhou,Shuangjie

    AU - Zuo,Shengxi

    AU - Grummon,David

    AU - Liang,Xuemei

    AU - Asmussen,Jes

    AU - Hawley,Martin C.

    AU - Zhang,Yijun

    PY - 2004

    Y1 - 2004

    N2 - Carbon nanotubes were synthesized with a microwave plasma chemical vapor deposition method using nickel as catalyst. A gas mixture of methane and hydrogen was used. The alignment and length of the synthesized nanotubes were studied with Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM). With a specially designed process, we obtained dense and vertically aligned nanotubes with length up to 250 micrometers within 20 minutes of growth at temperatures between 650°C and 700°C. The diameters of the nanotubes are in the range of 40 to 70nm, determined with Transmission Electron Microscope (TEM). The nanotubes that we synthesized are not completely hollow and are separated into many nano-compartments by curved platelets. The very large aspect ratio (length/diameter) and the fine alignment of the cluster nanotubes are the important features of our process. These features are expected to be very beneficial for applications such as polymer reinforcement.

    AB - Carbon nanotubes were synthesized with a microwave plasma chemical vapor deposition method using nickel as catalyst. A gas mixture of methane and hydrogen was used. The alignment and length of the synthesized nanotubes were studied with Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM). With a specially designed process, we obtained dense and vertically aligned nanotubes with length up to 250 micrometers within 20 minutes of growth at temperatures between 650°C and 700°C. The diameters of the nanotubes are in the range of 40 to 70nm, determined with Transmission Electron Microscope (TEM). The nanotubes that we synthesized are not completely hollow and are separated into many nano-compartments by curved platelets. The very large aspect ratio (length/diameter) and the fine alignment of the cluster nanotubes are the important features of our process. These features are expected to be very beneficial for applications such as polymer reinforcement.

    KW - Carbon Nanotubes

    KW - Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD)

    KW - Microwave Plasma

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=23844466355&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=23844466355&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    M3 - Conference contribution

    VL - 49

    SP - 2463

    EP - 2470

    BT - International SAMPE Symposium and Exhibition (Proceedings)

    ER -