The impression creep behavior and microstructure evolution of cast and cast-then-extruded Mg-10Gd-3Y-0.5Zr (wt%)

H. Wang, Q. D. Wang, C. J. Boehlert, J. Yang, D. D. Yin, J. Yuan, W. J. Ding

    Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

    • 5 Citations

    Abstract

    The impression creep behavior of Mg-10Gd-3Y-0.5Zr (wt%, GW103) was investigated by flat cylindrical indenter experiments at temperatures ranging from 200. °C to 325. °C. The punching stresses, which were calculated based on the indenter dimensions, varied from 50. MPa to 505. MPa. Samples were examined in the peak-aged cast condition (cast-T6) and in the cast-then-extruded plus peak-aged condition (ex-T5). Using a power-law relationship, the creep stress exponent (n) varied from 1.4 to 5.1 for the cast-T6 alloy, where lower values were obtained at lower temperatures and stresses. The creep activation energy (Q) increased from 87 to 191. kJ/mol with increasing stress. For the ex-T5 alloy, the n values were 2.2, 3.4 and 3.4 at 200. °C, 250 and 300. °C, respectively. The Q value increased from 121 to 165. kJ/mol with increasing stress. However, by using a hyperbolic sine relationship, single activation energies of 93 and 134. kJ/mol were obtained for the cast-T6 and ex-T5 alloy, respectively. The zone at the edges of the indenter underwent the largest stress and strain, resulting in broken grain boundaries. Extension twinning occurred both in the zone at the edges of the indenter and underneath the indenter face for the cast alloy, while no twinning was observed for the extruded alloy. Intergranular cracking was observed in the zone at the edges of the indenter for the tests under high temperature and high stress.

    LanguageEnglish (US)
    Pages313-324
    Number of pages12
    JournalMaterials Science and Engineering A
    Volume649
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jan 1 2016

    Profile

    Creep
    Microstructure
    casts
    microstructure
    Temperature
    Twinning
    Activation energy
    cast alloys
    twinning
    activation energy
    Punching
    Grain boundaries
    Experiments
    grain boundaries
    exponents
    temperature

    Keywords

    • Impression creep
    • Mg-Gd-Y-Zr alloy
    • Microstructure evolution
    • Twinning

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Materials Science(all)
    • Condensed Matter Physics
    • Mechanical Engineering
    • Mechanics of Materials

    Cite this

    The impression creep behavior and microstructure evolution of cast and cast-then-extruded Mg-10Gd-3Y-0.5Zr (wt%). / Wang, H.; Wang, Q. D.; Boehlert, C. J.; Yang, J.; Yin, D. D.; Yuan, J.; Ding, W. J.

    In: Materials Science and Engineering A, Vol. 649, 01.01.2016, p. 313-324.

    Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

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    abstract = "The impression creep behavior of Mg-10Gd-3Y-0.5Zr (wt%, GW103) was investigated by flat cylindrical indenter experiments at temperatures ranging from 200. °C to 325. °C. The punching stresses, which were calculated based on the indenter dimensions, varied from 50. MPa to 505. MPa. Samples were examined in the peak-aged cast condition (cast-T6) and in the cast-then-extruded plus peak-aged condition (ex-T5). Using a power-law relationship, the creep stress exponent (n) varied from 1.4 to 5.1 for the cast-T6 alloy, where lower values were obtained at lower temperatures and stresses. The creep activation energy (Q) increased from 87 to 191. kJ/mol with increasing stress. For the ex-T5 alloy, the n values were 2.2, 3.4 and 3.4 at 200. °C, 250 and 300. °C, respectively. The Q value increased from 121 to 165. kJ/mol with increasing stress. However, by using a hyperbolic sine relationship, single activation energies of 93 and 134. kJ/mol were obtained for the cast-T6 and ex-T5 alloy, respectively. The zone at the edges of the indenter underwent the largest stress and strain, resulting in broken grain boundaries. Extension twinning occurred both in the zone at the edges of the indenter and underneath the indenter face for the cast alloy, while no twinning was observed for the extruded alloy. Intergranular cracking was observed in the zone at the edges of the indenter for the tests under high temperature and high stress.",
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    AU - Wang,Q. D.

    AU - Boehlert,C. J.

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    AU - Yuan,J.

    AU - Ding,W. J.

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    AB - The impression creep behavior of Mg-10Gd-3Y-0.5Zr (wt%, GW103) was investigated by flat cylindrical indenter experiments at temperatures ranging from 200. °C to 325. °C. The punching stresses, which were calculated based on the indenter dimensions, varied from 50. MPa to 505. MPa. Samples were examined in the peak-aged cast condition (cast-T6) and in the cast-then-extruded plus peak-aged condition (ex-T5). Using a power-law relationship, the creep stress exponent (n) varied from 1.4 to 5.1 for the cast-T6 alloy, where lower values were obtained at lower temperatures and stresses. The creep activation energy (Q) increased from 87 to 191. kJ/mol with increasing stress. For the ex-T5 alloy, the n values were 2.2, 3.4 and 3.4 at 200. °C, 250 and 300. °C, respectively. The Q value increased from 121 to 165. kJ/mol with increasing stress. However, by using a hyperbolic sine relationship, single activation energies of 93 and 134. kJ/mol were obtained for the cast-T6 and ex-T5 alloy, respectively. The zone at the edges of the indenter underwent the largest stress and strain, resulting in broken grain boundaries. Extension twinning occurred both in the zone at the edges of the indenter and underneath the indenter face for the cast alloy, while no twinning was observed for the extruded alloy. Intergranular cracking was observed in the zone at the edges of the indenter for the tests under high temperature and high stress.

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